Foreign bank lending during the Crisis: Evidence on branches vs subsidiaries
John Hooley, Glenn Hoggarth, Yevgeniya Korniyenko 14 February 2014
The recent crisis revealed that lending by foreign banks can be more cyclical than that by domestic banks. This column presents research showing that bank ownership structure mattered, at least in the case of the UK. Foreign bank branches cut their lending more sharply than did foreign subsidiaries, thus, amplifying the domestic credit cycle. This finding suggests policymakers should pay close attention to risks that stem from foreign bank branches when they are ‘alive’, not only when they are ‘dead’ and pose an even greater financial instability.
Foreign banks contribute potentially large longer-term benefits to their host economies (see, for example, Claessens and van Horen 2012). But the experience of the recent crisis has revealed that their lending can be more cyclical than that of domestic banks (Cetorelli and Goldberg 2011, Claessens and van Horen 2012, De Haas and Lelyveld 2011). The financial stability impact of retrenchment by foreign banks has been a major concern for some economies.
Global crisis International finance
global crisis, foreign banks, lending, foreign subsidiaries