Gross trade accounting: A transparent method to discover global value chain-related information behind official trade data: Part 2

Zhi Wang, Shang-Jin Wei, Kunfu Zhu 16 April 2014

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Analytical background

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Topics:  International trade

Tags:  competitiveness, globalisation, trade, comparative advantage, global value chains, global supply chain, statistics

Gross trade accounting: A transparent method to discover global value chain-related information behind official trade data: Part 1

Zhi Wang, Shang-Jin Wei, Kunfu Zhu 07 April 2014

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Production segmentation across national borders has become an important feature of the world economy. With the rapid increase in intermediate trade flows, trade economists and policymakers have reached a near consensus that official trade statistics based on gross terms are deficient, often hiding the extent of global value chains. There is also widespread recognition among the official international statistics agencies that fragmentation of global production requires a new approach to measure trade, in particular the need to measure trade in value-added.

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Topics:  International trade

Tags:  globalisation, trade, global value chains, global supply chain, statistics

Ukraine’s trade policy: Addressing supply-chain frictions

Bernard Hoekman, Jesper Jensen, David Tarr 29 November 2013

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On November 21 2013, Ukraine suspended preparations for signing the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the European Union (EU) at the Third EU-Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius on November 28-29. In 2010, the Russian Federation, Belarus and Kazakhstan formed the Eurasian Customs Union (ECU) and have invited Ukraine to become a member. This has become a politically charged issue, generating great uncertainty that is likely to have negative consequences for investment and economic activity (see Handley and Limão 2013, Shepotylo 2013).

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Topics:  EU institutions International trade

Tags:  WTO, barriers to trade, FTAs, global supply chain, Ukraine

Can FTAs support ‘Factory Asia’?

Jayant Menon 14 May 2013

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Free trade agreements (FTAs) have been proliferating in Asia for more than a decade. Production networks and the product-fragmentation trade that they generate have been growing for a much longer period. In fact, since ‘Factory Asia’ emerged, well before FTAs (Baldwin 2008). They are clearly not necessary for the formation of production networks, but can they support production networks’ further growth and/or spread?

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Topics:  International trade

Tags:  barriers to trade, free trade agreements, production fragmentation, global supply chain

Firms and credit constraints along the global value chain: Processing trade in China

Kalina Manova, Zhihong Yu 13 May 2013

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The past 20 years of globalisation have witnessed a dramatic expansion in the fragmentation of production across countries. Firms today can not only trade in final goods, but also conduct intermediate stages of manufacturing by importing foreign inputs, processing and assembling them into finished products, and re-exporting these to consumers and distributors abroad. While processing trade contributes just 10% of EU exports, at over 50% it has been a major driving force behind the rapid growth of Chinese exports (Cernat and Pajot 2012).

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Topics:  International trade

Tags:  China, global supply chain, global value chain

Reinvigorating the trade policy agenda: Think supply chain!

Bernard Hoekman, Selina Jackson 23 January 2013

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International supply chains have become a fundamental feature of global commerce, with goods being processed – and value being added – in the multiple countries that are part of the chain.

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Topics:  Global governance International trade

Tags:  barriers to trade, SMEs, global supply chain, small and medium-sized enterprises

How much global trade governance should there be?

Simon Lester 20 January 2013

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Trade agreements seem to be getting deeper, intruding on policy areas that were traditionally viewed as matters of purely national concern (WTO 2011, 2012). This differs considerably from the WTO’s original focus on protectionism (Lester 2013).

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Topics:  International trade

Tags:  WTO, RTAs, BITs, global supply chain

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