One or multiple international currencies? Evidence from the history of the oil market
Livia Chiţu, Barry Eichengreen, Arnaud Mehl 17 March 2014
The dollar remains dominant in the global monetary system. The clearest sign for its prevailing status is the dollar’s role as an exclusive currency used in the global oil market. This column suggests that there is room for more than one international currency even in a market as homogenous as the oil one. This is consistent with the view that network increasing returns are not as strong as sometimes supposed, first-mover advantage is not everything, and incumbency is no guarantee for continued dominance.
Notwithstanding a near meltdown of the US financial system, the downgrade of US sovereign debt by one rating agency and the emergence of the renminbi as a potential rival, the global financial crisis underscored – in the view of many – how dominant the dollar remains in the global monetary system (see e.g. Frankel 2013, Prasad 2014).
Energy International finance
international currency, oil market