Sustaining trade reform: Institutional lessons from Peru and Argentina

Elías A. Baracat, J. Michael Finger, Julio J. Nogués, Raúl León Thorne 28 October 2013

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Beyond removing restrictions, trade reform in Latin American in the 1980s and 1990s was also an attempt to reform the culture of policy management, and in some countries to introduce an optimistic, ‘Asian’ perspective into trade politics. In Peru, reforms have been sustained over several changes of president. In contrast, Argentina has introduced multiple restrictions and has reverted to the ‘off-the-books’ forms of policymaking that the adoption of GATT/WTO standards by previous the leadership tried to eliminate.

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Topics:  Institutions and economics International trade

Tags:  WTO, trade liberalisation, Latin America, reform, Argentina, Peru

New roads to export: Insights from the Inca roads

Jerónimo Carballo, Christian Volpe Martincus, Ana Cusolito 13 July 2013

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In policy circles domestic transport infrastructure is seen as a key determinant of exports. More precisely, among policymakers, there is a well rooted idea according to which new roads can generate increased exports. Statements in official documents introducing public export plans of developed and developing countries alike are illustrative in this regard. The report presenting the US National Export Initiative 2011 is a clear example.

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Topics:  International trade

Tags:  infrastructure, Export, Peru

Monetary policy in Latin America: Where are we going?

Christian Daude 10 December 2012

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Inflation targeting has served countries in Latin America well . They have achieved macroeconomic stability by reducing inflation and the pass-through of external shocks such as oil price and exchange rate fluctuations (cf. Mishkin and Schmidt-Hebbel 2007).

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Topics:  Macroeconomic policy Monetary policy

Tags:  inflation targeting, Latin America, Central Banks, foreign exchange, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Colombia, Peru

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