The value of democracy in the world’s poorest region: Evidence from Kenya’s road building

Ameet Morjaria 05 February 2014

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An enormous literature points to a diverse set of factors behind Africa’s growth tragedy, ranging from bad policies, poor education, and poor infrastructure, to aging leaders, the historic slave trade, and political instability. Historians, political scientists, and economists have all argued that ethnic favouritism – a situation where coethnics benefit from patronage and public policy decisions – has hampered the economic performance of many African countries.

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Topics:  Development Institutions and economics Politics and economics

Tags:  democracy, Africa, autocracy, ethnic inequality, public finance

The fiscal consequences of unrestricted immigration from Romania and Bulgaria

Joakim Ruist 18 January 2014

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Since 1 January, citizens of Romania and Bulgaria have the same freedom of movement inside the European Union as citizens of other member states. The approaching end to transnational restrictions caused intense public debate in several of the richer EU countries during the past year, stoked by fears that large numbers of poor Romanians and Bulgarians would migrate to the richer EU countries and impose a heavy burden on public finances.

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Topics:  EU policies Europe's nations and regions Migration Welfare state and social Europe

Tags:  immigration policy, fiscal burden, public finance

Eastern European migrants are net contributors – not costs – in the West

Joakim Ruist 17 September 2013

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In 2004 when the EU expanded from 15 to 25 member countries, all EU15 countries except Sweden made use of the possibility to temporarily restrict the new EU citizens’ access to their labour markets and welfare systems for up to seven years. The UK and Ireland only imposed minor restrictions. When Romania and Bulgaria joined in 2007, all except Sweden and Finland imposed similar restrictions for citizens of these two countries.

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Topics:  Migration

Tags:  EU, Eastern Europe, public finance