China’s regional and bilateral trade agreements
John Whalley, Chunding Li 05 March 2014
After joining the WTO in 2001, China has entered into a number of trade agreements. Those currently in consideration are substantially larger than the initial ones. China, more than any other large economy, needs to attempt to enhance its export growth, which has turned negative in 2013. This column discusses some of China’s trade agreements and summarizes the implemented negotiation strategy. The impact of these trade agreements on China’s economic growth also deserves attention.
China’s efforts at international trade diplomacy did not stop with its 2001 WTO accession. China is increasingly active in her pursuit of regional trade agreements (RTAs).
Predicting the effects of regional trade agreements: Can heterogeneous firm models help?
Holger Breinlich, Alejandro Cuñat 07 September 2013
Recent development of heterogeneous firm models in international trade were built on the observation that extensive margin effects are important in explaining the trade and productivity effects of trade liberalisation. This columns adds that if we want to use the current generation of heterogeneous firm models for the purpose of forecasting the effects of trade agreements, we need to allow not only for sources of within-industry but also within-firm productivity increases.
The announcement earlier this year that the US and the EU will launch talks on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership has once more drawn attention to the continuing surge in regional free-trade agreements. Given the lack of progress in the Doha round of multilateral trade talks, most countries have turned their attention to such regional trade-liberalisation initiatives.
US, Canada, RTAs, hetergogenous firms
How much global trade governance should there be?
Simon Lester 20 January 2013
Trade agreements have become ‘deeper’ over recent years, and there are initiatives in the pipeline to globalise deeper trade governance through mega-regional agreements (such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership). This column argues that trade agreements in general – and the WTO in particular – should focus on what they do best, reducing protectionist barriers. Broader issues such as intellectual property and regulatory expropriation should be left to governments to deal with on their own. Governments that handle these issues most effectively will be the winners in the new world of supply-chain trade.
Trade agreements seem to be getting deeper, intruding on policy areas that were traditionally viewed as matters of purely national concern (WTO 2011, 2012). This differs considerably from the WTO’s original focus on protectionism (Lester 2013).
WTO, RTAs, BITs, global supply chain