Today, the US government can borrow for ten years at a fixed rate of around 2.5%. Adjusted for expected inflation, this translates into a real borrowing cost of under 0.5%. A year ago, real rates were actually negative. With low interest rates dominating the developed world, many worry that an era of secular stagnation has begun (Summers 2013).
Low interest rates and secular stagnation: Is debt a missing link?
Claudio Borio, Piti Disyatat, 25 June 2014
Topics: Financial markets, Global crisis, Monetary policy
Tags: debt, global crisis, interest rates, monetary non-neutrality, monetary policy, natural rate of interest, risk-taking channel of monetary policy, secular stagnation
On the causes of secular stagnation: China, relative prices, and the collapse of manufacturing
Douglas L. Campbell, 15 April 2014
The 2000s began with the Fed narrowly missing the zero lower bound on short-term interest rates; they ended with the US ensnared in a liquidity trap. Even the economic boom from 2003 to 2007, despite being driven by a housing bubble, was lacklustre by US post-war standards.
Europe’s banking problem through the lens of secular stagnation
Jan Willem van den End , Jakob de Haan, 28 March 2014
What is the economy’s new normal? Will it be secular stagnation as suggested by Summers (2013)? According to this view, the economy will be in a permanent state of recession because aggregate demand is below potential output. As the actual real interest rate exceeds the negative equilibrium real interest rate (the natural rate), investment activity is too low.
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