Universities have relied heavily on federal funds for research for many years. Yet, since 2005, federal funds have been flat in real terms, with the exception of funds received through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). More importantly, the hope for a substantial increase in federal funds is dim.
US university science: The shopping mall model
Paula Stephan, 20 March 2014
The economic impact of inward FDI on the US
Theodore H. Moran, Lindsay Oldenski, 4 March 2014
The US is the second-largest recipient of FDI in the world, behind China, and by far the largest target for FDI among OECD countries (OECD 2013). The numbers are large ($253 billion for the US), and the gap with the next-largest in the OECD is impressive ($63 billion for the UK and $62 billion for France in 2012).
Nuclear expansion or phase-out? Costs and opportunities
Enrica De Cian, Samuel Carrara, Massimo Tavoni, 22 December 2013
"We learned from Fukushima that we have to deal differently with risks… We believe we as a country can be a trailblazer for a new age of renewable energy sources… We can be the first major industrialized country that achieves the transition to renewable energy with all the opportunities – for exports, development, technology, jobs – it carri
Do multinationals that expand abroad invest less at home?
Theodore H. Moran, Lindsay Oldenski, 31 October 2013
There is a long history of politicians accusing US MNCs of “shipping jobs overseas” when they invest outside the US. President Obama, for example, has proposed special support for US firms that stay at home, and criticised those that move abroad (State of the Union speech 2012).
Offshoring and its effects on innovation in emerging economies
Ursula Fritsch, Holger Görg, 23 September 2013
Most empirical studies of the impact of outsourcing on firms look at industrialised countries. However, outsourcing is also common in emerging economies, and firms in middle-income countries split up their production processes similarly to firms in developed countries (see figures in Miroudot et al. (2009) on trade in intermediates).
Does offshoring hurt domestic innovation activities?
Bernhard Dachs, Bernd Ebersberger, Steffen Kinkel, Oliver Som, 7 September 2013
Offshoring of production activities has been a topic of economic policy debates for at least the last decade. A central issue in these debates are the economic effects of offshoring on firms in the home country.
Why trade policy matters for firms’ R&D investment
Andreas Moxnes, Karen-Helene Ulltveit-Moe, Esther Ann Bøler, 18 July 2012
As the crisis continues to ricochet around the world and unemployment stays elevated, the threat of protectionism rises. As the latest WTO report on G20 trade measures (WTO 2012) and the GTA database confirm (Evenett 2012), the threat is real. Trade barriers are rising.
The inconsistent Europe 2020 and research strategy
Ramon Marimon, 12 March 2012
The European Parliament and EU member states are now discussing the Framework Programme (2014–2020), proposed by the European Commission. Unless the current text is properly amended, funding for research in social sciences will almost completely disappear from the main ‘cooperative research’ (now ‘Societal Challenges’) programme.
An economic evaluation of the war on cancer
Eric Sun, Anupam B Jena, Tomas Philipson , Darius Lakdawalla, Carolina Reyes, Dana Goldman , 11 January 2010
Current efforts at healthcare reform in the US have forced policymakers and stakeholders alike to justify healthcare dollars. As evidence builds on the costs and benefits of specific medical treatments, companies must increasingly demonstrate that the therapies they produce indeed generate health benefits in excess of their (often large) costs.
Where does energy R&D come from?
David Popp, 26 November 2009
Throughout the world, proposals to reduce carbon emissions include increased research and development (R&D) funding. President Obama proposes spending an additional $150 billion on energy R&D over the next ten years, compared to current funding levels of about $5 billion per year.
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