There is a long history of politicians accusing US MNCs of “shipping jobs overseas” when they invest outside the US. President Obama, for example, has proposed special support for US firms that stay at home, and criticised those that move abroad (State of the Union speech 2012).
Do multinationals that expand abroad invest less at home?
Theodore H. Moran, Lindsay Oldenski, 31 October 2013
Offshoring and its effects on innovation in emerging economies
Ursula Fritsch, Holger Görg, 23 September 2013
Most empirical studies of the impact of outsourcing on firms look at industrialised countries. However, outsourcing is also common in emerging economies, and firms in middle-income countries split up their production processes similarly to firms in developed countries (see figures in Miroudot et al. (2009) on trade in intermediates).
Does offshoring hurt domestic innovation activities?
Bernhard Dachs, Bernd Ebersberger, Steffen Kinkel, Oliver Som, 7 September 2013
Offshoring of production activities has been a topic of economic policy debates for at least the last decade. A central issue in these debates are the economic effects of offshoring on firms in the home country.
Why trade policy matters for firms’ R&D investment
Andreas Moxnes, Karen-Helene Ulltveit-Moe, Esther Ann Bøler, 18 July 2012
As the crisis continues to ricochet around the world and unemployment stays elevated, the threat of protectionism rises. As the latest WTO report on G20 trade measures (WTO 2012) and the GTA database confirm (Evenett 2012), the threat is real. Trade barriers are rising.
The inconsistent Europe 2020 and research strategy
Ramon Marimon, 12 March 2012
The European Parliament and EU member states are now discussing the Framework Programme (2014–2020), proposed by the European Commission. Unless the current text is properly amended, funding for research in social sciences will almost completely disappear from the main ‘cooperative research’ (now ‘Societal Challenges’) programme.
An economic evaluation of the war on cancer
Eric Sun, Anupam B Jena, Tomas Philipson , Darius Lakdawalla, Carolina Reyes, Dana Goldman , 11 January 2010
Current efforts at healthcare reform in the US have forced policymakers and stakeholders alike to justify healthcare dollars. As evidence builds on the costs and benefits of specific medical treatments, companies must increasingly demonstrate that the therapies they produce indeed generate health benefits in excess of their (often large) costs.
Where does energy R&D come from?
David Popp, 26 November 2009
Throughout the world, proposals to reduce carbon emissions include increased research and development (R&D) funding. President Obama proposes spending an additional $150 billion on energy R&D over the next ten years, compared to current funding levels of about $5 billion per year.
Patenting strategies and the value of European patents
Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Nicolas van Zeebroeck, 11 October 2008
Different authors have recently emphasised the plausible decline in the average value or quality of patents filed around the world (see e.g. Jaffe and Lerner 2004; Guellec and van Pottelsberghe 2007). This trend is apparently due to a growing propensity to file patent applications (as illustrated with the curve in Figure 1 below, which represents a fast growing patent–to-R&D ratio).
Policymakers and the R&D-patent relationship
Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Gaétan de Rassenfosse, 1 June 2008
Scholars studying innovation generally consider patents an imperfect indicator of research efforts. Mansfield (1986) and Griliches (1990), amongst others, underlined that not all inventions are patentable – and not all patentable inventions are patented.
Europe’s R&D: Missing the wrong targets?
Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, 6 March 2008
Recent empirical evidence has demonstrated a positive link between an industry’s proximity to the technological frontier and its R&D effort.1 The idea is that R&D intensity increases close to the technological frontier because firms’ survival depends on their ability to innovate.
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