Do giant oil field discoveries fuel internal armed conflicts?

Guy Michaels, Yu-Hsiang Lei 01 December 2011

a

A

Do natural resource windfalls, such as those arising from the discovery of giant oil fields, increase the risk of internal armed conflict? Anecdotal evidence from Nigeria, Angola, and Iraq leads us to suspect that they may, and recent research (Dal Bó and Dal Bó 2011; Besley and Persson 2009, 2011; Acemoglu et al. 2010) even sheds light on the mechanisms underlying some of these conflicts over resources. But as Norway, Canada, and Brazil show, not all oil-rich countries experience internal conflicts. Careful surveys of the literature on conflicts and natural resources (e.g.

a

A

Topics:  Development Energy

Tags:  oil, resource curse, civil wars

Poverty and civil wars

Simeon Djankov , Marta Reynal-Querol 29 October 2008

a

A

Differences in per capita income have received considerable attention in the oratory on civil wars. The UN Millennium Project, Investing in Development: Practical Plans to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals (2005) notes, for example:

a

A

Topics:  Development

Tags:  Poverty, civil wars, violence

Events