Global value chains are not all born identical: Policymakers beware

Carlo Altomonte, Filippo di Mauro, Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, Vincent Vicard, Armando Rungi 04 January 2012

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Global value chains are increasingly important in international trade. The breakup of goods and services production between different companies often operating in different parts of the world (creating a ‘global’ value chain) can be seen all around us. (Take, for instance, the omnipresent iPhone from Apple; see Xing (2011) on this site).

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Topics:  Global crisis International trade

Tags:  US, China, exchange-rate policy, global value chains

The contribution of Chinese FDI to Africa’s pre-crisis growth surge

John Whalley, Aaron Weisbrod 21 December 2011

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In the three years before the 2008 financial crisis, GDP growth in sub-Saharan Africa (averaged over individual economies) was around 6%, 2 percentage points above the mean growth in the preceding ten years. This period also coincided with significant Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) flows into these countries, accounting for as much as 10% of total inward FDI for some countries. In our research (Weisbrod and Whalley 2011) we use growth-accounting methods to assess what portion of this elevated growth can be attributed to Chinese inward FDI.

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Topics:  Development

Tags:  growth, China, Africa, FDI

China’s dominance hypothesis and the emergence of a tripolar global currency system

Marcel Fratzscher, Arnaud Mehl 15 December 2011

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The 2007–08 global financial crisis has brought the reform of the international monetary system back to the forefront of the international policy debate. Some G20 leaders, notably from emerging economies, are questioning the configuration of the current system based on a single currency, the US dollar, as global reference currency, and the euro, as a more regional currency.

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Topics:  International finance Monetary policy

Tags:  China, exchange-rate policy

The renminbi and poor-country growth

Helmut Reisen 05 December 2011

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China’s current-account surplus over the past two decades can be explained in large part by its savings rate. Song et al (2010) have stressed the role of rising corporate savings due to reallocation within the manufacturing sector from low- to high-productivity companies. Wei (2010), meanwhile, explains China’s rising household savings with gender imbalances. Still, large appreciations do impact the current account and – in developing countries – do depress growth (Keppler et al 2011), as evidenced by data over the past 50 years.

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Topics:  Development International trade

Tags:  China, exchange-rate policy, poor countries

The price of children and fertility responses: Evidence from the Israeli Kibbutz

Avraham Ebenstein, Moshe Hazan, Avi Simhon 02 December 2011

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To what extent does economics affect fertility decisions? Ever since Gary Becker’s seminal work on the economics of the family in the 1960s (Becker 1960), economists have argued that money weighs heavily on the minds of would-be parents, and policymakers throughout the world have been heavily influenced by such research.

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Topics:  Frontiers of economic research Health economics

Tags:  France, China, fertility, demographics, Israel, population

How to agree emissions targets at Durban

Valentina Bosetti, Jeffrey Frankel 28 November 2011

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The parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change will meet once again in Durban, South Africa, from 28 November to 9 December. The clock is running out on negotiations for a successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol. Despite optimism from some (see Tol 2010), progress at Copenhagen two years ago and Cancun one year ago was slow. Negotiations have been blocked by a seemingly insurmountable obstacle.

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Topics:  Environment International trade

Tags:  US, China, Kyoto Protocol, India, UN Convention on Climate Change

Market-economy status for China is not automatic

Bernard O’Connor 27 November 2011

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In EU trade-defence law (antidumping and anti-subsidies), there is provision for different treatment between those exporting countries which are considered to have the status of being a market economy and those which are not. If a country does not have market-economy status it is easier to construct the normal value of the exported goods. The constructed normal value will normally be based on costs and prices from outside the exporting country and thus are likely to be higher.

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Topics:  Global governance International trade

Tags:  China, WTO, antidumping

Are Chinese individuals prone to money illusion?

Heleen Mees, Philip Hans Franses 20 November 2011

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China’s monetary policy and its inflation have got people talking – particularly about the effect on other countries (see for example the eBook edited by Evenett 2010). But what about its effect on China’s people? Are they fooled by money illusion?

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Topics:  Frontiers of economic research Monetary policy

Tags:  US, inflation, China, money illusion

Does openness generate growth? Reconciling the experiences of Mexico and China

Timothy Kehoe, Kim Ruhl 19 November 2011

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Does opening to international trade and foreign investment generate economic growth? A large empirical literature employs regressions with a country’s growth rate as the dependent variable and some measure of openness among the independent variables. Although some researchers find that growth is positively correlated with the share of trade in GDP, Rodríguez and Rodrik (2001) point out that the trade share is not a direct measure of policy. When the dependent variable is a measure of policy, the results are ambiguous and highly sensitive to the exact specification of the regression.

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Topics:  International finance International trade

Tags:  China, free trade, financial globalisation, openness, Mexico

The financial trilemma in China and a comparative analysis with India

Rajeswari Sengupta, Joshua Aizenman 15 November 2011

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Policymakers dealing with the Great Recession of 2008–09 are confronted with what we call the ‘financial trilemma’. This hypothesis, based on pioneering work by Mundell and Fleming in the 1960s, asserts that a country may not simultaneously target exchange-rate stability, conduct an independent monetary policy, and have full financial integration – it is a potent paradigm of open-economy macroeconomics (see Fleming 1962 and Mundell 1963).

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Topics:  Development International finance International trade

Tags:  China, India, emerging markets, exchange-rate policy, financial trilemma

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