Despite having a public debt-to-GDP ratio that is lower not only than Italy’s but also than that of France, Germany, and the UK, and despite having a new government committed to fiscal consolidation, Spain is still in trouble. It faces difficulties obtaining credit in international financial markets.
The Spanish labour market: A very costly insider-outsider divide
Samuel Bentolila, Juan Dolado, Juan Francisco Jimeno , 20 January 2012
The German labour-market miracle
Michael Burda, Jennifer Hunt, 2 November 2011
At a time when unemployment rates in France, Italy, the UK, and the US are stuck around 8%-9%, many are turning to the apparent miracle in the German labour market in search of lessons. In 2008–09, German GDP plummeted 6.6% from peak to trough, yet joblessness rose only 0.5 percentage points before resuming a downward trend, and employment fell only 0.5%.
Firms’ deleveraging and the persistence of unemployment
Tommaso Monacelli, Vincenzo Quadrini, Antonella Trigari, 18 October 2011
The recent financial turmoil has been associated with a depressed state of the labour market. The unemployment rate in the US has risen from 5.5% to more than 10% and continues to remain close to 9% three years after the beginning of the recession (see Figure 1).
Figure 1. Unemployment rate
Market psychology, high unemployment and rational bubbles
Roger E. A. Farmer , 18 August 2011
According to a popular narrative (e.g. Shiller 2008), the Great Recession was caused by a bubble in the housing market. When the bubble burst, households were left with mortgages that exceeded the values of their houses. When they stopped spending, the resulting fall in consumer demand triggered an increase in unemployment.
The allocation of time over the business cycle
Erik Hurst, Loukas Karabarbounis, Mark Aguiar, 17 August 2011
After years of steady growth, the global economy has turned and so too has the interest in unemployment (see recent examples on this site Smith 2011 and Cingano and Rosolia 2011). The rising levels of unemployment around the world bring up some key questions:
The ins and outs of UK unemployment
Jennifer Smith, 18 July 2011
The labour market is in a continual state of flux. Workers are hired, fired, joining the labour force and leaving the labour force. The balance of these flows determines the unemployment rate.
Where are the jobs? Out there, somewhere. Perhaps.
Alfonso Rosolia, Federico Cingano, 17 July 2011
The global crisis hit jobs hard. According to the OECD, between 2007 and 2010 the number of employed people fell by almost 5 million throughout OECD countries and the number of job seekers rose by over 16 million.
Egypt’s demographic pressure – Where and how to create jobs?
Marga Peeters, 2 June 2011
Demographic developments place Egypt among the group of countries around the globe with the highest labour-supply growth for many years to come. The Egyptian economy can reap a demographic dividend from this human capital potential if the new entrants find a job (see also Noland and Pack 2008).
Coping with crises: Policies to protect employment and earnings
Pierella Paci, Ana Revenga, Bob Rijkers, 19 April 2011
“There cannot be a crisis next week. My schedule is already full.” – Henry A Kissinger
The roots of the German miracle
Hermann Gartner, Christian Merkl, 9 March 2011
While the US labour market has seen a dramatic loss in jobs in the Great Recession, the German labour market has seemed to be unaffected – the number of employed workers has remained stable. This is all the more surprising as German GDP dropped more than in the US in 2009 (-4.7% vs. -2.7%). Some economists (e.g.
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- The 13th Annual GEP Postgraduate Conference 20141 - 2 May 2014 / Nottingham / Sponsored by Nottingham Centre for Research on Globalisation and Economic Policy (GEP) University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
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- 13th Summer School in International Development Economics: Investment, Saving and Wellbeing in Developing Countries10 - 13 June 2014 / Palazzo Feltrinelli, Gargnano, Lake Garda (Italy) / Organisers: Centro Studi Luca d’Agliano, Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), Paolo Baffi Center on International Markets, Money and Regulation, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods of the University of Milan, Department of Economics, Quantitative Methods and Business Strategies of the University of Milan Bicocca, Vilfredo Pareto Doctoral Program in Economics of the University of Turin, The Lombardy Advanced School of Economic Research (LASER).