How immigration benefits natives despite labour market imperfections and income redistribution

Michele Battisti, Gabriel Felbermayr, Giovanni Peri, Panu Poutvaara, 8 August 2014



A fierce policy debate with little insight from economists

Fears that immigration takes jobs away from natives and imposes significant costs on taxpayers continue to shape electoral campaigns and policy discourses in several countries. In a recent referendum, the Swiss population rejected the free movement of workers from the EU.

Topics: Labour markets, Migration
Tags: immigration, Labour Markets, redistribution, Skill Complementarities, unemployment, wages, welfare

Sourcing foreign inputs to improve firm performance

Maria Bas, Vanessa Strauss-Kahn, 14 July 2014



Should trade policy fight or promote imports of intermediate inputs? While several studies have shown the recent increase in imports of intermediate goods, their role in shaping domestic economies is not yet completely understood. Following the work of Feenstra and Hanson (1996), a large literature focuses on the impact of imported intermediate inputs on employment and inequality.

Topics: International trade
Tags: employment, exports, global value chains, imports, Inequality, Intermediate inputs, outsourcing, productivity, trade, wages

Globalisation, job security, and wages

Kerem Cosar, Nezih Guner, James R Tybout, 7 July 2014



How does increased openness to international trade affect workers’ wages and job security? This question is central to the public debate concerning the effects of globalisation, but convincing quantitative answers have been difficult to come by. One fundamental reason is that major trade liberalisation episodes have often coincided with labour reforms (Heckman and Pages 2004).

Topics: International trade, Labour markets
Tags: Colombia, exports, globalisation, Inequality, job security, labour market reforms, productivity, trade liberalisation, unemployment, wages

How highly educated immigrants raise native wages

Giovanni Peri, Kevin Shih, Chad Sparber, 29 May 2014



Immigration to the US has risen tremendously in recent decades. Though media attention and popular discourse often focus on illegal immigrants or the high foreign-born presence among less-educated workers, the data show that immigrants are drawn from both ends of the education spectrum.

Topics: Labour markets, Migration, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: complementarities, growth, immigration, innovation, productivity, STEM, US, wages

Falling real wages in the UK

David Blanchflower, Stephen Machin, 12 May 2014



There have been unprecedented falls in real wages in the UK since the start of the recession triggered by the financial crisis of 2008. This did not happen in previous economic downturns – median real wage growth slowed down or stalled, but it did not fall.

Topics: Labour markets, Poverty and income inequality
Tags: Great Recession, Inequality, real wages, UK, unemployment, US, wages

The economic impact of inward FDI on the US

Theodore H. Moran, Lindsay Oldenski, 4 March 2014



The US is the second-largest recipient of FDI in the world, behind China, and by far the largest target for FDI among OECD countries (OECD 2013). The numbers are large ($253 billion for the US), and the gap with the next-largest in the OECD is impressive ($63 billion for the UK and $62 billion for France in 2012).

Topics: Productivity and Innovation
Tags: FDI, multinationals, productivity, R&D, spillovers, US, wages

Competing successfully in a globalising world: Lessons from Lancashire

Nicholas Crafts, Nikolaus Wolf, 22 October 2013



The ‘first globalisation’ of the 19th century – driven by the substantial falls in trade costs associated with the age of steam – saw the ‘First Unbundling’ (Baldwin 2006), in which industrial production and consumption became spatially separated, often by large distances.

Topics: Economic history, International trade
Tags: agglomeration, cities, cotton, globalisation, Industrial Revolution, industrialisation, Lancashire, trade, wages

The long-run gains of not mixing genders in high-school classes

Massimo Anelli, Giovanni Peri, 23 February 2013



Gender gap in college majors and earnings

Topics: Education, Gender, Labour markets
Tags: education, gender, Italy, labour, wages, women

The case for temporary inflation in the Eurozone

Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe, Martín Uribe, 16 September 2012

Vox readers can download CEPR Discussion Paper 9133 for free here.

Journalists are entitled to free DP downloads on request; please contact To learn more about subscribing to CEPR's Discussion Paper Series, please visit the CEPR website.

Topics: Labour markets
Tags: Eurozone crisis, Great Recession, unemployment, wages

Why are migrants paid more? Evidence from Italian football

Alex Bryson, Rob Simmons, Giambattista Rossi, 8 May 2012



Are migrants paid more or less than natives for doing the same or similar work and, if they are paid differently, can we be sure that it is due to their migrant status rather than to other differences between migrants and natives, such as their productivity levels?

Topics: Labour markets
Tags: Football, Italy, migrants, wages

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