Exploring the transmission channels of contagious bank runs

Martin Brown, Stefan Trautmann, Razvan Vlahu, 10 April 2014

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Financial contagion – the situation in which liquidity or insolvency risk is transmitted from one financial institution to another – is viewed by policymakers and academics as a key source of systemic risk in the banking sector.

Topics: Financial markets
Tags: bank runs, banking, banks, contagion, experimental economics, financial crisis, financial stability, global crisis, systemic risk

Estimating the impact of changes in aggregate bank capital requirements during an upswing

Joseph Noss, Priscilla Toffano, 6 April 2014

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The recent financial crisis and economic contraction that followed highlighted the crucial role that banks play in facilitating the extension of credit and enabling economic growth. This underlies the economic rationale for imposing regulations on the banking industry, including minimum capital requirements designed to mitigate risks banks would not otherwise account for in their behaviour.

Topics: Financial markets
Tags: bank capital, bank regulation, banking, banks, BASEL III, capital requirements, credit, Macroprudential policy, regulations

The puzzling pervasiveness of dysfunctional banking

Charles W Calomiris interviewed by Romesh Vaitilingam, 21 Mar 2014

Charles Calomiris talks to Romesh Vaitilingam about his recent book, co-authored with Stephen Haber, ‘Fragile by Design: The Political Origins of Banking Crises and Scarce Credit’. They discuss how politics inevitably intrudes into bank regulation and why banking systems are unstable in some countries but not in others. Calomiris also presents his analysis of the political and banking history of the UK and how the well-being of banking systems depends on complex bargains and coalitions between politicians, bankers and other stakeholders. The interview was recorded in London in February 2014.

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See Also

Calomiris, C W and S H Haber (2014), Fragile by Design: The Political Origins of Banking Crises and Scarce Credit, Princeton University Press.

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Topics: Financial markets
Tags: bank capital, Bank credit, banking, banks, credit booms, Eurozone crisis, recapitalisation, systemic risk

The AQR and stress testing the European banking system

Viral Acharya interviewed by Viv Davies, 14 Mar 2014

Viral Acharya talks to Viv Davies about his recent work with Sascha Steffen that, using publicly available data and a series of shortfall measures, estimates the capital shortfalls of EZ banks that will be stress-tested under the proposed Asset Quality Review. They also discuss the difference in accounting rules between US and EZ banks and the future potential for banking union in the Eurozone. The interview was recorded by phone on 25 February 2014.

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See Also

Acharya, V and S Steffen (2014) "Falling short of expectations? Stress-testing the European banking system", VoxEU.org, 17 January.

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Topics: Financial markets
Tags: Asset Quality Review, bank capital, banking, banking union, banks, Eurozone crisis, recapitalisation, stress testing, systemic risk

A call for liquidity stress testing and why it should not be neglected

Clemens Bonner, 6 February 2014

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The recent financial crisis has shown that neglecting liquidity risks comes at substantial costs. In order to reinforce banks’ resilience to liquidity risks, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) proposed the introduction of two harmonised liquidity standards:

Topics: Financial markets
Tags: banks, liquidity, stress tests

Falling short of expectations? Stress-testing the European banking system

Viral Acharya, Sascha Steffen, 17 January 2014

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The Eurozone is mired in a recession. In 2013, the GDP of the 17 Eurozone countries fell by an average of 0.5%, and the outlook for 2014 shows considerable risks across the region. To stabilise the common currency area and its (partly insolvent) financial system, a Eurozone banking union is being established.

Topics: Financial markets
Tags: Asset Quality Review, bank capital, banking, banking union, banks, Eurozone crisis, recapitalisation, stress testing, systemic risk

Why fiscal sustainability matters

Willem Buiter, 10 January 2014

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Does fiscal sustainability matter only when there is a fiscal house on fire, as was the case with the Greek sovereign insolvency in 2011–12? Far from it.

Topics: Financial markets, Global crisis, International finance, Macroeconomic policy
Tags: balance-sheet recession, banking, banking union, banks, capital flows, credit booms, Currency wars, emerging markets, eurozone, Eurozone crisis, financial crisis, fiscal policy, fiscal sustainability, global financial crisis, sovereign debt, sovereign debt restructuring

Gambling for resurrection in Iceland

Friðrik Már Baldursson, Richard Portes, 6 January 2014

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The demise of the three large Icelandic banks, just after the fall of Lehman Brothers, was a key event in the spread of the financial crisis. A couple of weeks before its collapse in October 2008, Kaupthing bank announced that the Qatari investor Sheikh Mohammed Bin Khalifa Bin Hamad al-Thani had bought a 5.01% stake. This briefly boosted market confidence in Kaupthing (Financial Times 2008).

Topics: Financial markets
Tags: banking, banks, financial crisis, gambling for resurrection, Iceland, moral hazard

Dark side of housing-price appreciation

Indraneel Chakraborty, Itay Goldstein, Andrew MacKinlay, 25 November 2013

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Policymakers around the world often worry about decreases in real-estate prices and other asset prices, and take measures to prevent them. For example, in the aftermath of the financial crisis, the Federal Reserve has engaged in large-scale asset purchases – especially of mortgage-backed assets – to support the housing market and, in turn, the overall economy.

Topics: Financial markets, Monetary policy
Tags: asset prices, banks, Federal Reserve, housing, investment, lending, real estate

Good corporate governance is bad for bank capitalisation

Deniz Anginer, Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Harry Huizinga, Kebin Ma, 10 November 2013

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A failing bank can be defined as one that has insufficient capital. Bank capitalisation strategies thus are crucial in determining the probability of a bank failure. Confirming this, Berger and Bouwman (2013) find that higher levels of pre-crisis capital increase a bank’s probability of survival during a banking crisis.

Topics: Financial markets
Tags: bank capitalisation, banks, corporate governance

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