DynEmp: New cross-country evidence on the role of young firms in job creation, growth, and innovation

Chiara Criscuolo, Peter N. Gal, Carlo Menon 26 May 2014

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Since well before the crisis, many OECD economies have been confronted with sluggish productivity growth. In the aftermath of the crisis, job creation has also stalled and has become an important policy issue. Business dynamics are at the core of the creative destruction process. Available evidence points to significant cross-country heterogeneity in the dynamism of businesses, even after taking into account differences in sectoral composition. This raises policymakers’ interest in understanding the role of framework conditions in this area.

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Topics:  Labour markets Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  R&D, employment, growth, OECD, job creation, business cycles, firms, start-ups

Why don’t African firms create more jobs?

Leonardo Iacovone, Vijaya Ramachandran 07 February 2014

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There is an urgent need for job creation in Africa. Many economies on the continent suffer high rates of under-employment and/or low-productivity employment. In addition, because of demographic factors, many countries anticipate that large numbers of youth will enter the workforce in the near future. This may be beneficial to economic growth but also a potential threat to social stability.

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Topics:  Development Labour markets

Tags:  Africa, firms, jobs

Preparing to export

Danielken Molina, Marc Muendler 27 May 2013

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Exporting is an essential feature of strategies for economic development for very good reasons. A large body of empirical evidence shows that exporters are larger, more productive, pay higher wages and hire more skilled workers (Bernard and Jensen 1995). But do firms move from local sales to export sales? What choices do firms make in preparation for exporting? How do these choices affect a firm’s future export performance?

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Topics:  Development

Tags:  Labour Markets, exports, firms

Stock market turnover and corporate governance

Alex Edmans, Vivian W Fang, Emanuel Zur 16 February 2013

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The stock market is a powerful tool for controlling corporation’s behaviour. But what is best:

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Topics:  Financial markets

Tags:  financial markets, liquidity, corporate governance, firms, stocks

Are services traded differently?

Andrea Ariu 23 December 2012

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International trade is traditionally thought of as goods crossing borders. Trade in services, however, is becoming increasingly important for high-income countries and its role is likely to grow substantially over the next years (Francois and Hoekman 2010).

Trade in services and goods differ along several critical dimensions (WTO 2010).

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Topics:  International trade

Tags:  Belgium, firms, trade in services

Firm organisation: What we know and why we should care

Laura Alfaro, Paola Conconi, Harald Fadinger, Patrick Legros, Andrew Newman 02 December 2012

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A series of corporate calamities in the 2000s has helped to arouse suspicion amongst policymakers and the public that corporate organisation matters. Internal organisation issues are blamed for lost jobs, lost pensions and lost fortunes (e.g. Enron, Worldcom); for plane crashes in the US, lead-painted toys from China1, and, most devastatingly of all, the global crisis. These outcomes are increasingly ascribed to unaccountable managers, misaligned ownership structures, outsourcing and other internal organisation issues.

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Topics:  Industrial organisation International trade

Tags:  trade, protectionism, firms, firm organisation

The (re)location effects of enterprise zones

Thierry Mayer, Florian Mayneris, Loriane Py 28 September 2012

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Spatial inequalities within French municipalities are striking. Some depressed urban areas with low income, high unemployment rate, low level of education and deprived social housing are just a few blocks away from wealthy neighbourhoods. These urban disparities have important social and economic implications. They are often linked to social segregation and exclusion phenomena, with rich and poor people self-selecting into different neighbourhoods according to their willingness to pay for housing.

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Topics:  Industrial organisation

Tags:  France, firms, Enterprise zones

Firms reorganise to grow (by hiring workers that know and earn less)

Lorenzo Caliendo, Ferdinando Monte, Esteban Rossi-Hansberg 31 August 2012

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How do firms organise production? How does this organisation change as firms grow?

Business people deal with these questions all the time, and the academic literature has developed several strands of theories with answers that go from property rights over core resources to knowledge-based hierarchies (e.g. Hart and Moore 1990 and Garicano 2000). However, the ability of researchers to answer these questions with general empirical support has traditionally been hindered by lack of data.

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Topics:  Labour markets Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  growth, firms, production

What determines productivity?

Chad Syverson 25 June 2010

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Productivity – the efficiency with which firms transform inputs into outputs – is the elixir of economic success. Nations that enjoy rising productivity experience sustainable growth that simplifies a broad swath of economic and social problems. The same is true at the corporate level. Naturally then, productivity is the focus of a great deal of government and corporate policy. But what determines productivity?

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Topics:  Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  productivity, Management, firms

The transformation of India: Incumbent control, reforms, and newcomers

Laura Alfaro, Anusha Chari 12 December 2009

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The end of the license Raj and implementation of pro-market reforms in the 1980s and 1990s had far-reaching implications for India’s industrial structure. Significant sectors of the economy were opened up to private participation through industrial de-licensing and de-reservation measures. India began to integrate into the world economy as import licensing was abolished in many sectors, import duties were sharply reduced, and many restrictions on FDI were lifted.

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Topics:  Development

Tags:  India, liberalisation, firms

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