A new look at global growth convergence and divergence

Michele Battisti, Gianfranco di Vaio, Joseph Zeira, 9 January 2014

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The phenomenon of modern economic growth is fairly new. It started less than two centuries ago, but it changed our lives significantly. One of the main changes is that income gaps between countries have greatly increased.

Topics: Development, Frontiers of economic research
Tags: convergence, divergence, growth, technology transfer

Long-term barriers to growth

Enrico Spolaore, Romain Wacziarg, 3 October 2013

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Students of comparative development have turned their focus to factors rooted deeper and deeper in history.

Topics: Development, Economic history
Tags: ancestry, Culture, development, geography, growth, technology transfer

Offshoring and its effects on innovation in emerging economies

Ursula Fritsch, Holger Görg, 23 September 2013

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Most empirical studies of the impact of outsourcing on firms look at industrialised countries. However, outsourcing is also common in emerging economies, and firms in middle-income countries split up their production processes similarly to firms in developed countries (see figures in Miroudot et al. (2009) on trade in intermediates).

Topics: International trade, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: emerging markets, innovation, international trade, offshoring, outsourcing, R&D, technology transfer

International business travel and innovation: Face-to-face is crucial

Nune Hovhannisyan, Wolfgang Keller, 20 April 2010

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The high costs of international travel pose important questions about the value of short-term cross-border labour movements, specifically business travel. In the world of the Internet, e-mail, and video conferencing, why is business travel still so prevalent?

Topics: Productivity and Innovation
Tags: cross-border travel, flight restrictions, innovation, technology transfer

Climate change and developing country growth

Michael Spence, 11 September 2009

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The climate change debate is extraordinarily complex because the issue is. Most agree that there remains considerable uncertainty about long-term temperature shifts.

Topics: Development, Environment
Tags: climate change, developing countries, growth, technology transfer

The limits to offshoring

Wolfgang Keller, Stephen Yeaple, 17 March 2009

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Offshoring is the movement of jobs to other countries. While this may raise overall welfare, it means lower employment opportunities and possibly lower wages domestically. Offshoring is the major cause for the decline in self-reported work life quality in many countries.

Topics: International trade, Labour markets
Tags: multinational companies, offshoring, technology transfer, trade costs

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