Ukraine’s trade policy: Addressing supply-chain frictions

Bernard Hoekman, Jesper Jensen, David Tarr, 29 November 2013

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On November 21 2013, Ukraine suspended preparations for signing the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the European Union (EU) at the Third EU-Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius on November 28-29. In 2010, the Russian Federation, Belarus and Kazakhstan formed the Eurasian Customs Union (ECU) and have invited Ukraine to become a member.

Topics: EU institutions, International trade
Tags: barriers to trade, FTAs, global supply chain, Ukraine, WTO

Can FTAs support ‘Factory Asia’?

Jayant Menon, 14 May 2013

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Free trade agreements (FTAs) have been proliferating in Asia for more than a decade. Production networks and the product-fragmentation trade that they generate have been growing for a much longer period. In fact, since ‘Factory Asia’ emerged, well before FTAs (Baldwin 2008).

Topics: International trade
Tags: barriers to trade, free trade agreements, global supply chain, production fragmentation

Reinvigorating the trade policy agenda: Think supply chain!

Bernard Hoekman, Selina Jackson, 23 January 2013

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International supply chains have become a fundamental feature of global commerce, with goods being processed – and value being added – in the multiple countries that are part of the chain.

Topics: Global governance, International trade
Tags: barriers to trade, global supply chain, small and medium-sized enterprises, SMEs

Non-tariff measures and the WTO

Marc Bacchetta, Cosimo Beverelli, 31 July 2012

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Data limitations make it difficult to document general trends in the use of non-tariff measures.

Topics: International trade
Tags: barriers to trade, GATT, non-tariff measures, protectionism, WTO

Entry regulation: Still costly

Markus Poschke, 29 January 2011

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For most affected countries, the recent European debt crisis at its root is also a growth crisis. It is then only appropriate that structural reforms and deregulation be still on the agenda. For instance, costs due to entry regulation are still relatively high in some continental European countries, with large knock-on effects on aggregate output and productivity.

Topics: International trade, Microeconomic regulation
Tags: barriers to trade, protectionism

Freedoms, rules and services markets integration

Giuseppe Bertola, 27 June 2007

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The Treaties establishing the European Community (EC) provide for freedoms of movement aimed at depriving member countries’ governments of the power to restrain cross-border economic interactions.

Topics: International trade
Tags: barriers to trade, Bolkenstein Directive

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