Free trade agreements (FTAs) have been proliferating in Asia for more than a decade. Production networks and the product-fragmentation trade that they generate have been growing for a much longer period. In fact, since ‘Factory Asia’ emerged, well before FTAs (Baldwin 2008).
Can FTAs support ‘Factory Asia’?
Jayant Menon, 14 May 2013
Reinvigorating the trade policy agenda: Think supply chain!
Bernard Hoekman, Selina Jackson, 23 January 2013
International supply chains have become a fundamental feature of global commerce, with goods being processed – and value being added – in the multiple countries that are part of the chain.
Non-tariff measures and the WTO
Marc Bacchetta, Cosimo Beverelli, 31 July 2012
Data limitations make it difficult to document general trends in the use of non-tariff measures.
Entry regulation: Still costly
Markus Poschke, 29 January 2011
For most affected countries, the recent European debt crisis at its root is also a growth crisis. It is then only appropriate that structural reforms and deregulation be still on the agenda. For instance, costs due to entry regulation are still relatively high in some continental European countries, with large knock-on effects on aggregate output and productivity.
Freedoms, rules and services markets integration
Giuseppe Bertola, 27 June 2007
The Treaties establishing the European Community (EC) provide for freedoms of movement aimed at depriving member countries’ governments of the power to restrain cross-border economic interactions.
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