In 2010, the Brazilian finance minister Guido Mantenga declared a ‘currency war’ because of the harmful effects of the strengthening of the real. He blamed the currency’s appreciation on easy money in advanced countries, and to a lesser extent on reserve accumulation in some emerging markets.
Policymaking in crises: Pick your poison
Kristin Forbes, Michael W Klein, 24 December 2013
Should Brazil’s central bank be selling foreign reserves?
Márcio Garcia, 25 September 2013
The US dollar’s rise in August and the Brazilian Central Bank’s (BCB) interventions in forex markets have started a debate about whether the BCB should keep on intervening as it has been doing, mostly via currency derivatives markets, or if it should also be selling its international reserves.
The BRICs party is over
Anders Åslund, 4 September 2013
After a decade of infatuation, investors have suddenly turned their backs on emerging markets. In the BRIC countries – Brazil, Russia, India and China – growth rates have quickly fallen and current-account balances have deteriorated.1 The surprise is not that the romance is over but that it could have lasted for so long.
What drives protests in Brazil? Corruption, ineptitude and elections
Nauro F Campos, 23 July 2013
The conventional wisdom is that Brazilians are a laid-back people who can always find a way (‘jeitinho’) even if that involves dribbling the rules. If that was actually true, political protest would be extremely rare in Brazil.
Brazil: Did inward capital controls work?
Márcio Garcia, 1 March 2013
As the developed economies struggle to revive growth and create jobs, the debate about currency wars has come to forefront, with generalised quantitative easing, an EU Tobin tax, and confusing comments from G7 official regarding the effects of Abenomics on the yen.
Capital controls: Gates versus walls
Michael W Klein, 17 January 2013
Capital controls are no longer considered rogue policies.
Monetary policy in Latin America: Where are we going?
Christian Daude, 10 December 2012
Inflation targeting has served countries in Latin America well . They have achieved macroeconomic stability by reducing inflation and the pass-through of external shocks such as oil price and exchange rate fluctuations (cf. Mishkin and Schmidt-Hebbel 2007).
How effective were the 2008-2011 capital controls in Brazil?
Yothin Jinjarak, Ilan Noy, Huanhuan Zheng, 22 November 2012
Controls on capital inflows have seen a renaissance since the beginning of the global financial crisis in 2008 (Williamson, Jeanne, and Subramanian 2012) and many countries, including Thailand, South Korea, Peru, Indonesia, Brazil and Iceland, have imposed controls.
International rules for capital controls
John Williamson, Olivier Jeanne, Arvind Subramanian, 11 June 2012
Although economists generally agree that countries can derive substantial gains from international economic integration, the extent to which they should open themselves to international capital flows remains a controversial issue. There is still, 20 years after the rise of emerging markets finance, a wide diversity of approaches to capital account policies.
Trade and inequality: From theory to estimation
Oleg Itskhoki, Marc Muendler, Stephen Redding, Elhanan Helpman, 20 May 2012
Until recently, research on the labour market effects of international trade has been heavily influenced by traditional theories such as the Heckscher-Ohlin and Specific Factors models. Those theories provide predictions about relative wages across skill groups or across occupations and sectors.
- Predicting economic turning pointsAhir, Loungani
- How rich nations benefit from EU membershipCampos, Coricelli, Moretti
- The chartbook of economic inequalityAtkinson, Morelli
- Taxing, spending, and inequalityClements, Coady, de Mooij, Gupta
- How poorer nations benefit from EU membershipCampos, Coricelli, Moretti
- A tale of two depressions: What do the new data tell us? February 2010 updateEichengreen, O’Rourke
- The ECB’s stealth bailoutSinn
- Educated in America: College graduates and high school dropoutsHeckman, LaFontaine
- Eurozone breakup would trigger the mother of all financial crisesEichengreen
- Panic-driven austerity in the Eurozone and its implicationsDe Grauwe, Ji
Claessens, 18 April 2014
Campos, Coricelli, Moretti
Ostry, Berg, Tsangarides
CEPR Policy Research
- The buyer margins of firms' exportsCarballo, Ottaviano, Volpe
- Commodity and Equity Markets: Some Stylized Facts from a Copula ApproachDelatte, Lopez
- Ethnic Unemployment Rates and Frictional MarketsGobillon, Rupert, Wasmer
- Finance and Poverty: Evidence from IndiaAyyagari, Beck, Hoseini