Knowledge elites, enlightenment, and industrialisation

Nico Voigtländer, Mara Squicciarini, 13 July 2014

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Much has been written about the ‘knowledge economy’, and a large literature in economics has highlighted the importance of human capital for economic development in the modern world.

Topics: Development, Economic history, Education
Tags: human capital, Industrial Revolution, industrialisation

Human capital and income inequality: Some facts and some puzzles

Amparo Castelló-Climent, Rafael Doménech, 23 April 2014

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The rise of income inequality in many countries from 1985 onwards, and particularly during the recent crisis, has prompted a current debate on the causes and consequences of higher inequality and its effects on future growth (see, for example, OECD 2011, IMF 2014, or Ostry et al. 2014).

Topics: Development, Education, Poverty and income inequality
Tags: education, globalisation, human capital, Inequality, skill-biased technological change

Get together for the kids

Shelly Lundberg, Robert A. Pollak, 29 October 2013

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The US has experienced dramatic changes in patterns of marriage, cohabitation, and childbearing since 1950. Non-marital births have increased from 4% of all births in 1950 to 41% in 2010, and a majority (52%) of non-marital births now occur within cohabiting unions (Manlove et al. 2010).

Topics: Education, Poverty and income inequality
Tags: fertility, gender wage gap, human capital, marriage

Income and schooling

Markus Brückner, Mark Gradstein, 4 April 2013

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Countries’ average income per capita is strongly correlated with more schooling. This can be seen both by looking at the relationship between them across countries (Figure 1), and by considering their evolution over time in particular countries.

Topics: Education
Tags: human capital, income

Child health and the intergenerational transmission of human capital

Janet Currie, 19 July 2008

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When economists think of “human capital,” they usually mean education. Investments in education pay off in the form of higher future earnings and many other positive outcomes. But what determines a child’s educational success?

Topics: Health economics, Poverty and income inequality
Tags: child health, human capital, maternal education, poverty trap, socioeconomic status

The effect of job displacement on women’s fertility decisions

Emilia del Bono, Andrea Weber, Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 25 February 2008

Over the last century women’s role in the labour market has gradually changed from secondary workers with limited planning horizon to equivalent partners or independent decision makers with a life-time planning perspective.

Journalists are entitled to free DP downloads on request; please contact pressoffice@cepr.org. To learn more about subscribing to CEPR's Discussion Paper Series, please visit the CEPR website.

URL: http://www.cepr.org/pubs/new-dps/dplist.asp?dpno=6719.asp
Topics: Labour markets
Tags: fertility, human capital, plant closing, unemployment

When Iceland was Ghana

Thorvaldur Gylfason, 25 January 2008

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Believe it or not: in 1901, Iceland’s per capita national output was about the same as that of Ghana today. Today, Iceland occupies first place in the United Nations’ ranking of material success according to the Human Development Index that reflects longevity, adult literacy, and schooling as well as the purchasing power of peoples’ incomes.

Topics: Development
Tags: Africa, economic ascent, economic history, human capital, Iceland, investment

More incentives for employees to work longer hours in US than in Europe

Josep Pijoan-Mas, Claudio Michelacci, 28 May 2007

Since the 1970s, the number of hours worked per employee has fallen substantially in continental Europe, while it has remained roughly constant in the US after reverting a trend of secular decline.

Journalists are entitled to free DP downloads on request; please contact pressoffice@cepr.org. To learn more about subscribing to CEPR's Discussion Paper Series, please visit the CEPR website.

URL: http://www.cepr.org/pubs/new-dps/dplist.asp?dpno=6314.asp
Topics: Labour markets
Tags: human capital, search, unemployment, wage inequality, working hours

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