Energy-efficiency standards for buildings and appliances and vehicles appear to be a central component of climate policy in the US.
California energy efficiency: Lessons for the rest of the world, or not?
Arik Levinson , 9 August 2013
Facing up to uncertainty in climate-change economics
Geoffrey Heal, Antony Millner, 13 June 2013
Uncertainty is intrinsic in climate change economics. We know that increases in greenhouse gas concentrations are causing shifts in the climate, but not precisely how large these shifts will be, nor when and where they will occur. Neither do we understand fully the social and economic consequences of these changes, or the options that will be available for coping with them in the future.
Four changes to trade rules to facilitate climate change action
Aaditya Mattoo, Arvind Subramanian, 4 May 2013
The research on the links between trade rules and climate-change action has mostly been concerned with how far climate-change action is constrained by current trade rules pertaining, for example, to border-tax adjustments (Horn and Mavroidis 2011), subsidies (Green 2006) and exports of natural gas (Levi 2012 and Hufbauer et al. 2013).
Geoengineering and abatement: A ‘flat’ relationship under uncertainty
Johannes Emmerling, Massimo Tavoni, 17 April 2013
The slow progress in climate-change mitigation policies aimed at reducing greenhouse-gas emissions has fuelled the discussion about alternative policy options in order to cope with the impacts from climate change. The better known one is adaptation, but most recently ‘climate geoengineering’ has begun to attract increasing attention.
The sordid history of Congressional acceptance and rejection of cap-and-trade: Implications for climate policy
Richard Schmalensee, Robert N. Stavins, 7 March 2013
In both his second inaugural and his fifth state of the union addresses this year, President Obama renewed his commitment to address the risk of global climate change, due to increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, largely (but not exclusively) a consequence of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions linked with burning fossil fuels to generate energy.
Moving to Greenland in the face of global warming
Klaus Desmet, Esteban Rossi-Hansberg , 16 January 2013
If populations don’t move, global warming is likely to have disastrous consequences.
Imperfect climate policy unlikely to increase domestic emissions
Corrado Di Maria, Ian Lange, Edwin van der Werf, 6 January 2013
Current implemented policies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are far from perfect and leave owners of stocks of fossil fuels ample scope to increase current (as opposed to future) extraction. Some economists and policymakers fear that emission reduction policies may thereby induce an increase rather than a decrease in CO2 emissions.
Why do we see unilateral action on climate change?
Simon Dietz, Carmen Marchiori, Alessandro Tavoni, 5 December 2012
Countries have been negotiating on climate change for about 23 years, and talking about it for even longer. In that time, steps have certainly been taken: a range of institutions have been created, from a UN convention to elements of a global market for CO2 emissions reductions.
Global climate talks: If at the 17th you don’t succeed
Richard S J Tol, 27 November 2012
Game theory suggests that attempts to negotiate an international environmental agreement, aiming to provide a global public good such as greenhouse gas emission reduction, are bound to fail (Barrett 1991, Carraro and Siniscalco 1992, Carraro and Siniscalco 1993).
What does trade have to do with climate change?
Harun Onder, 12 September 2012
The last few decades have witnessed a rapid expansion of international trade and global output (Figure 1). This growth was partially enabled by a gradual reduction in trade barriers in the major export destinations.
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