Determinants of prosocial behaviour: Lessons from an experiment with referees at the Journal of Public Economics

Raj Chetty, Emmanuel Saez, László Sándor 11 August 2014

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Many organisations rely on prosocial behaviours – choices that benefit others but have a personal cost – to achieve their objectives. For instance, foundations rely on charitable contributions for funding, governments partly rely on voluntary compliance for tax revenue, and employers rely on voluntary referrals for hiring. Because such prosocial behaviours have positive externalities by definition, increasing such behaviour can improve welfare. What are the most effective policies to encourage prosocial behaviour?

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Topics:  Frontiers of economic research

Tags:  research, incentives, Behavioural economics, academia, journals, peer review, social pressure, intrinsic motivation

Assessing Italian research quality: A comparison between bibliometric evaluation and informed peer review

Graziella Bertocchi, Alfonso Gambardella, Tullio Jappelli, Carmela A. Nappi, Franco Peracchi 28 July 2014

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Measuring research quality is a topic of growing interest to universities and research institutions. It has become a central issue in relation to the efficient allocation of public resources, which – in many countries and especially in Europe – represent the main component of university funding. Many countries – Australia, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Scandinavian countries, and the UK – have introduced national assessment exercises to gauge the quality of university research.

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Topics:  Frontiers of economic research

Tags:  Universities, research, citations, science, academia, research quality, peer review, research assessments, bibliometrics

Teaching economics as if the last three decades had happened

Wendy Carlin interviewed by Viv Davies,

Date Published

Tue, 05/20/2014

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Topics

Frontiers of economic research
Tags
financial crisis, global crisis, academia, teaching, economics education, undergraduates

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The mainstream economics curriculum needs an overhaul

Diane Coyle 04 May 2014

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One of the delayed consequences of the financial crisis is a widespread and apparently growing desire to change how economics is taught. Students in a number of countries, including vocal groups in Chile and the UK, have recently intensified the demand for reform. One recent example is a report from the Post-Crash Economics Society at the University of Manchester (Post-Crash Economics Society 2014).

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Topics:  Education Global crisis

Tags:  education, financial crisis, global crisis, academia, teaching, economics education, undergraduates

Do we need highly cited departmental chairs?

Amanda Goodall, John McDowell, Larry Singell 31 January 2014

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The advancement of scientific knowledge is the primary responsibility of approximately 300,000 academic departments housed in more than 20,000 universities worldwide, yet little is known about the factors that determine the productivity of those departments. chairs – or ‘Heads of Department’ – play a central role in the academic departments that make up universities. They manage daily operations, hire faculty and professional staff, and work closely with senior university administrators, most of whom were themselves once departmental heads.

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Topics:  Education

Tags:  Universities, Management, higher education, academia

Our uneconomic methods of measuring economic research

Stan Liebowitz 06 December 2013

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In the movie Moneyball, a nerdy Ivy League economics major, working for a general manager played by Brad Pitt, found undervalued baseball players by applying clear-headed logic and statistical techniques.1 Many economists watching this movie probably felt a tinge of pride in seeing our tools portrayed as rigorously objective. After all, economists have long been proponents of using logic to eliminate inefficiencies and rent-seeking in the economy (e.g. Tullock 1967).

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Topics:  Education

Tags:  productivity, research, citations, academia, journals, publication

Journal quality and citations: Why economists should practice what they preach

Daniel Sgroi 11 November 2013

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The UK is about to enter into one of the most important academic ranking exercises in its history. The Research Excellence Framework (or REF), starting in 2014, will determine how money is divided between departments and how the UK perceives the quality of its own universities and departments. As part of this process, university-based research-active academics throughout the UK will soon be submitting work to the REF. There will be one panel for each discipline, each made up of a number of highly esteemed academics who will review the submissions.

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Topics:  Education

Tags:  higher education, uncertainty, academia, rankings, journals, Bayes’ rule

Herding cats? Management and university performance

John McCormack, Carol Propper, Sarah Smith 07 November 2013

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The common view holds that managing academics is like herding cats – difficult and ultimately pointless. But this view of management contrasts with growing evidence that good management practices are like a good technology – they increase productivity (Bloom and Van Reenen 2010). Further, this finding holds for organisations in the public sector as well as in the private sector, and in many different countries across the world (Bloom et al. 2012).

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Topics:  Education Labour markets

Tags:  Universities, Management, higher education, academia, human resources

Ageing and productivity: Economists and others

Daniel S. Hamermesh 20 February 2013

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Sixty years ago, Harvey Lehman published a path-breaking book examining the lifecycle of productivity in various fields, scientific, humanistic and artistic (Lehman 1953). He demonstrated the now widely accepted conclusion that the contributions of mathematicians and people in mathematics-related disciplines peak very early in their careers. Lehman also showed that artists and humanists in many cases achieved their greatest successes much later in life. How do economists stack up along the age-productivity dimension, and how has that been changing?

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Topics:  Frontiers of economic research Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  research, technology, economists, academia, age, Nobel

Are leading papers in an issue of a journal of better “quality”?

Victor Ginsburgh 25 May 2012

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There exists a lively debate among scientists about evaluation methods. Some prefer peer review-based research assessments, while others think that bibliometric citation-based methods should be used as a verifiable mechanism for promotion and distribution of public research funds. Like peer reviews, but for other reasons, citations suffer from several problems. One of them is that they are related to the order in which editors arrange the sequence of papers in each issue of a journal.

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Topics:  Education Frontiers of economic research

Tags:  academia, academic papers, evaluation, quality control

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