Culture: Persistence and evolution

Francesco Giavazzi, Ivan Petkov, Fabio Schiantarelli, 16 June 2014

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Are a person’s values and beliefs persistent, or do they evolve – possibly rather quickly – in response to the economic and institutional environment? This is a central question, for instance, if one is interested in assessing the likelihood of success of reforms that change rules within a country.

Topics: Frontiers of economic research, Institutions and economics, Migration
Tags: attitudes, beliefs, Culture, immigration, religion, US, values

Public opinion on immigration: Has the recession changed minds?

Timothy J Hatton, 7 June 2014

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Topics: Migration, Politics and economics
Tags: democracy, European parliament, immigration, politics, populism

How highly educated immigrants raise native wages

Giovanni Peri, Kevin Shih, Chad Sparber, 29 May 2014

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Immigration to the US has risen tremendously in recent decades. Though media attention and popular discourse often focus on illegal immigrants or the high foreign-born presence among less-educated workers, the data show that immigrants are drawn from both ends of the education spectrum.

Topics: Labour markets, Migration, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: complementarities, growth, immigration, innovation, productivity, STEM, US, wages

New evidence on the durability of social norms

John Helliwell, Shun Wang, Jinwen Xu, 12 March 2014

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Recent studies find that individuals’ social norms – as evidenced by their opinions and behaviour – can be transmitted from one generation to the next within the same cultural setting (Algan and Cahuc 2010, Bjørnskov 2012, Dohmen et al. 2012, Guiso et al. 2006, Rainer and Siedler 2009, Rice and Feldman 1997).

Topics: Frontiers of economic research, Migration
Tags: Culture, immigration, institutions, migration, social attitudes, social norms, trust

Migration and wage dynamics: Evidence from the Mexican peso crisis

Joan Monras, 22 December 2013

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Despite the large inflows of immigrants experienced in a number of OECD countries, there is no consensus among economists about the causal effect of low-skilled immigration on native labour market outcomes. The reason is simple. Migrants decide when and where to go, and the implied changes in labour market outcomes determines how natives respond to immigration inflows.

Topics: Labour markets, Migration
Tags: immigration, peso crisis

The fiscal effects of immigration to the UK

Christian Dustmann, Tommaso Frattini, 13 November 2013

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The impact of immigration on the tax and welfare system and the net fiscal consequences is perhaps the single most prominent economic issue in the public debate over the pros and cons of immigration.

Topics: Migration, Welfare state and social Europe
Tags: benefits, fiscal burden, immigration, migration, UK, welfare state

Language barriers? The impact of non-native English speakers in the classroom

Charlotte Geay, Sandra McNally, Shqiponja Telhaj, 14 September 2013

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In the UK, as in other countries, there has been a rapid increase in the number of non-native speakers. In England the number of non-native speakers has increased by a third in the last decade. Now, roughly one in nine children between the ages of five and 11 do not speak English as a first language.

Topics: Education
Tags: immigration, UK

Immigration, elderly care and labour-force participation: Can immigration help women retire later?

Giovanni Peri, Agnese Romiti, Mariacristina Rossi, 8 September 2013

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During the last decade immigrants have increased their presence in the labour force of many rich countries. In several of those countries manually intensive occupations, such as those in the household service sector, have employed many of them. Particularly in Italy, immigrants have disproportionately staffed the long-term care sector for elderly people.

Topics: Gender, Labour markets
Tags: immigration, women

Immigrants reduce geographic inequality

Brian C Cadena, Brian Kovak, 12 August 2013

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Recently, economists have noticed some disturbing trends in the US economy. Job creation, job destruction, and job-to-job switches are all in decline (Davis, Faberman, and Haltiwanger 2012; Hyatt and Spletzer 2013). Further, fewer and fewer people are making long-distance moves in order to take better jobs (Molloy, Smith, and Wozniak 2011).

Topics: Labour markets
Tags: immigration, Mexico, US

How immigrant children affect the academic achievement of native Dutch children

Asako Ohinata, Jan van Ours, 25 July 2013

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The large inflow of immigrants into Europe has changed the makeup of school student populations. The impact of this on European school systems is a matter of headlines in some European nations. For example, some of the UK media has been reporting how teachers are under strain as they cope with the influx of immigrants moving into UK (e.g. Loveys 2010).

Topics: Education
Tags: Dutch, Holland, immigration, Netherlands

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