How immigration benefits natives despite labour market imperfections and income redistribution

Michele Battisti, Gabriel Felbermayr, Giovanni Peri, Panu Poutvaara 08 August 2014

a

A

A fierce policy debate with little insight from economists

a

A

Topics:  Labour markets Migration

Tags:  Labour Markets, unemployment, wages, immigration, redistribution, welfare, Skill Complementarities

Culture: Persistence and evolution

Francesco Giavazzi, Ivan Petkov, Fabio Schiantarelli 16 June 2014

a

A

Are a person’s values and beliefs persistent, or do they evolve – possibly rather quickly – in response to the economic and institutional environment? This is a central question, for instance, if one is interested in assessing the likelihood of success of reforms that change rules within a country. Are such reforms doomed because a country’s culture cannot be changed, or can they succeed because they can change cultural attitudes by altering incentives, and if so, over what time horizon?

a

A

Topics:  Frontiers of economic research Institutions and economics Migration

Tags:  US, immigration, religion, values, Culture, attitudes, beliefs

Public opinion on immigration: Has the recession changed minds?

Timothy J Hatton 07 June 2014

a

A


a

A

Topics:  Migration Politics and economics

Tags:  democracy, immigration, politics, populism, European parliament

How highly educated immigrants raise native wages

Giovanni Peri, Kevin Shih, Chad Sparber 29 May 2014

a

A

Immigration to the US has risen tremendously in recent decades. Though media attention and popular discourse often focus on illegal immigrants or the high foreign-born presence among less-educated workers, the data show that immigrants are drawn from both ends of the education spectrum. At the low end, immigrants grew from 5% of workers with a high school degree or less in 1970 to 20.8% in 2010. At the high end, the figure rose from 7.3% to 18.2% for those with graduate degrees over the same period.1

a

A

Topics:  Labour markets Migration Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  US, growth, productivity, wages, immigration, innovation, complementarities, STEM

New evidence on the durability of social norms

John Helliwell, Shun Wang, Jinwen Xu 12 March 2014

a

A

Recent studies find that individuals’ social norms – as evidenced by their opinions and behaviour – can be transmitted from one generation to the next within the same cultural setting (Algan and Cahuc 2010, Bjørnskov 2012, Dohmen et al. 2012, Guiso et al. 2006, Rainer and Siedler 2009, Rice and Feldman 1997). Studies also find that the current environment – such as institutions – plays an important role in shaping an individual’s social norms (Dinesen 2012, Nannestad et al. 2014, Alesina and La Ferrara 2002, Bjørnskov 2007, Glaeser et al. 2000, Helliwell and Wang 2011, Kosfeld et al.

a

A

Topics:  Frontiers of economic research Migration

Tags:  institutions, immigration, social attitudes, trust, migration, Culture, social norms

Migration and wage dynamics: Evidence from the Mexican peso crisis

Joan Monras 22 December 2013

a

A

Despite the large inflows of immigrants experienced in a number of OECD countries, there is no consensus among economists about the causal effect of low-skilled immigration on native labour market outcomes. The reason is simple. Migrants decide when and where to go, and the implied changes in labour market outcomes determines how natives respond to immigration inflows. Overcoming this reverse causality problem is difficult. A natural experiment turns out to help.

a

A

Topics:  Labour markets Migration

Tags:  immigration, peso crisis

The fiscal effects of immigration to the UK

Christian Dustmann, Tommaso Frattini 13 November 2013

a

A

The impact of immigration on the tax and welfare system and the net fiscal consequences is perhaps the single most prominent economic issue in the public debate over the pros and cons of immigration. Accordingly, it is the debate about the fiscal effects – and not so much the effects on wages – of immigration that is currently dominating the debate not only in the UK, but also in other countries (see Boeri 2010).

a

A

Topics:  Migration Welfare state and social Europe

Tags:  welfare state, immigration, migration, benefits, UK, fiscal burden

Language barriers? The impact of non-native English speakers in the classroom

Charlotte Geay, Sandra McNally, Shqiponja Telhaj 14 September 2013

a

A

In the UK, as in other countries, there has been a rapid increase in the number of non-native speakers. In England the number of non-native speakers has increased by a third in the last decade. Now, roughly one in nine children between the ages of five and 11 do not speak English as a first language. A significant driver of this change has been immigration, though the trend has also been influenced by higher birth rates among ethnic minority groups.

a

A

Topics:  Education

Tags:  immigration, UK

Immigration, elderly care and labour-force participation: Can immigration help women retire later?

Giovanni Peri, Agnese Romiti, Mariacristina Rossi 08 September 2013

a

A

During the last decade immigrants have increased their presence in the labour force of many rich countries. In several of those countries manually intensive occupations, such as those in the household service sector, have employed many of them. Particularly in Italy, immigrants have disproportionately staffed the long-term care sector for elderly people. The demand from that sector has grown substantially due to the needs of an ageing population. In a recent study (Peri, Romiti and Rossi, 2013) we analyse how immigrants have replaced women in caring for older family members.

a

A

Topics:  Gender Labour markets

Tags:  immigration, women

Immigrants reduce geographic inequality

Brian C Cadena, Brian Kovak 12 August 2013

a

A

Recently, economists have noticed some disturbing trends in the US economy. Job creation, job destruction, and job-to-job switches are all in decline (Davis, Faberman, and Haltiwanger 2012; Hyatt and Spletzer 2013). Further, fewer and fewer people are making long-distance moves in order to take better jobs (Molloy, Smith, and Wozniak 2011). This slowdown is problematic because labour mobility, especially across geography, is a key contributor to the dynamism of an economy, and it tends to reduce inequality in economic outcomes across space (Blanchard and Katz 1992).

a

A

Topics:  Labour markets

Tags:  US, immigration, Mexico

Pages

Events