Football in the time of protest

Nauro F Campos, 13 June 2014

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Football is actually coming home. Brazil is the spiritual home of the ‘beautiful game’. It is the only country to have competed in all 20 World Cup tournaments, it has won the tournament a record five times, and it is the only country to have won the tournament ‘away’ (Ponzo and Scoppa 2014).1 Brazilians worship football.

Topics: Institutions and economics, Politics and economics
Tags: Brazil, Corruption, FIFA, Football, infrastructure, Political Economy, protests, rent-seeking, soccer, sport

Roads to deeper European integration

Henrik Braconier, Mauro Pisu, 20 February 2014

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Over the past 60 years, increasing European integration has brought peace and security, besides contributing to large social welfare gains (through lower prices and a larger variety of products).

Topics: International trade
Tags: infrastructure, trade costs

US electrification in the 1930s

Carl Kitchens, 29 January 2014

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In 1930, fewer than 10% of farms in the US had access to electricity. By the mid-1950s, almost every farm in the country had electricity. While the US was able to extend electricity to its rural locations rapidly over a 25-year period, much of the developing world still remains without electricity today. In 2012, 1.3 billion people lived without electricity worldwide.

Topics: Development, Economic history
Tags: Agriculture, electricity, electrification, growth, infrastructure, investment, subsidies, technology

Transport infrastructure and market integration: Lessons from the British industrial revolution

Liam Brunt, Edmund Cannon, 27 July 2013

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For many years, the EU has prioritised the funding of large-scale transport infrastructure projects. Between 2007 and 2013 alone, the Trans-European Transport Network programme funded 348 projects at a cost of €7billion (TEN-T Executive Agency 2013). The goal of this investment has been to increase the integration of European markets.

Topics: Economic history
Tags: EU, infrastructure

New roads to export: Insights from the Inca roads

Jerónimo Carballo, Christian Volpe Martincus, Ana Cusolito, 13 July 2013

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In policy circles domestic transport infrastructure is seen as a key determinant of exports. More precisely, among policymakers, there is a well rooted idea according to which new roads can generate increased exports. Statements in official documents introducing public export plans of developed and developing countries alike are illustrative in this regard.

Topics: International trade
Tags: Export, infrastructure, Peru

Infrastructure: The governance failures

Nicklas Garemo, Jan Mischke, 30 March 2013

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Europe’s infrastructure programme was the big loser from February’s EU budget deal. Planned infrastructure investment of €50 billion over seven years was reduced to just €24 billion.

Topics: Industrial organisation, Politics and economics
Tags: governance, infrastructure

Can passenger railways curb road-traffic externalities? Empirical evidence

Rafael Lalive, Simon Luechinger, Armin Schmutzler, 15 March 2013

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Road accidents kill 1.2m people every year (WHO). Road transportation is the main source of local air pollutants such as nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide. It contributes to noise and global air pollution, and it leads to congestion. Against this backdrop, many governments subsidise railways with the explicit aim of reducing road-traffic externalities.

Topics: Environment, Frontiers of economic research, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: externalities, infrastructure, pollution, railways, trains

Highway to success in India

Ejaz Ghani, Arti Grover Goswami, William Kerr, 5 February 2013

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Transport investments within cities and across cities are essential for economic growth, job creation, and poverty reduction. Beyond simply facilitating cheaper and more efficient movements of goods, people, and ideas within cities, transport affects the distribution of economic activity across cities.

Topics: Development
Tags: Golden Quadrilateral, highways, India, infrastructure, roads

The privatisation of infrastructure: One size does not fit all

Alexis Maingard, Laura Recuero Virto, 16 September 2011

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he wave of infrastructure privatisations that occurred from the 1980s onwards has led to very different sectoral outcomes across the world (Bortolotti and Siniscalco 2004). For the case of fixed-line telecommunications, in OECD countries privatisations have resulted in higher labour efficiency. By contrast, in non-OECD countries privatisations have mainly increased residential tariffs.

Topics: Development, Institutions and economics, Politics and economics
Tags: infrastructure, privatisation

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