Accounting for the ethnic unemployment gap in France and the US

Laurent Gobillon, Peter Rupert, Étienne Wasmer 23 July 2013

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The unemployment rate in France is roughly six percentage points higher for African immigrants than for natives. In the US, the unemployment rate is approximately nine percentage points higher for black people than for white people. The gap between the minority (African immigrants or black people) and the majority (natives or white people) remains important even after controlling for individual attributes such as education, age or other demographic characteristics.

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Topics:  Europe's nations and regions Labour markets

Tags:  France, unemployment, race, ethnicity, commuting

De Jure and de Facto Determinants of Power: Evidence from Mississippi

Graziella Bertocchi, Arcangelo Dimico,

Date Published

Sun, 07/22/2012

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education, institutions, race, voting restrictions

Equilibrium fictions, societal rigidity, and affirmative action

Karla Hoff 24 April 2012

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India’s experience with quotas for women in public office suggests that within a generation, exposure to women leaders can erase the bias in men’s evaluation of female compared to male leaders and lift parents’ and girls’ aspirations by enough to close the gender gap in literacy (Beaman et al. 2009, 2012). Yet affirmative action sits uneasily with the values of individualism. Some argue that affirmative action aims to right a wrong against one group by a policy that wrongs a different group. Since two wrongs don’t make a right, affirmative action makes no sense.

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Topics:  Poverty and income inequality

Tags:  affirmative action, India, race, sexism, caste

Did the mortgage credit boom contribute to the decline in US racial segregation?

Romain Rancière, Amine Ouazad 16 March 2012

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Topics:  Frontiers of economic research Migration Poverty and income inequality

Tags:  US, Subprime, racial segregation, race

White suburbanisation facilitated black homeownership in the mid-20th century

Leah Boustan, Robert A Margo 12 February 2011

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Over the 20th century, the residential patterns of US households became increasingly divided by race. From 1940 to 2000, the share of the metropolitan white population who lived in the suburban ring increased from 38% to 74%, whereas, even by 2000, over 60% of the black metropolitan population remained in central cities.

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Topics:  Poverty and income inequality

Tags:  US, housing, race, real estate

Race has a hand in determining market outcomes

Jennifer Doleac, Luke C.D. Stein 29 June 2010

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Economic outcomes in the US are highly correlated with race, but it is not clear what causal mechanisms underlie these correlations. In particular, how much is due to discrimination? How much is due to other characteristics, such as education, that vary across racial groups? Assuming that discrimination does occur, it is also unclear how much is “taste-based” (against race itself) rather than “statistical” (where race is used as a proxy for unobservable negative characteristics). The relative importance of these various effects has important policy implications.

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Topics:  Frontiers of economic research Labour markets

Tags:  Discrimination, race, online markets