Much research has gone into trying to establish a connection in the US between having a distinctively black name and disadvantage over a lifetime. This column highlights a striking difference between the historical effects of having a black name and today’s effects. While modern black names show up in modern empirical studies as an albatross around the neck of those possessing them, either because those with such names come from worse socioeconomic conditions or face discrimination later in life, historical black names conveyed a large advantage accumulating over an individual’s lifetime.
Lisa D. Cook, Trevon D. Logan, John M. Parman, Friday, November 13, 2015 - 00:00
Huailu Li, Kevin Lang, Kaiwen Leong, Friday, August 28, 2015 - 00:00
Economic models suggest that competition will prevent those subjected to discrimination from being affected adversely. This column uses an unusual case study of sex workers in Singapore to reveal that having many actors on both sides of the market does not, in fact, eliminate discrimination. Policy intervention remains the best tool to end price discrimination.
Elizabeth Ananat, Shihe Fu, Stephen L. Ross, Sunday, June 28, 2015 - 00:00
The black-white wage gap persists. Year after year, data tell us that black workers in the US earn less than their white counterparts. This column presents new evidence focused on the notion of race-specific social networks and ‘knowledge spillovers’. Data suggest that a black worker may be less able than an otherwise similar white worker to enjoy knowledge spillovers that arise in predominantly white work environments, suppressing their earnings.
Trevon D. Logan, John M. Parman, Monday, March 9, 2015 - 00:00
Pierre Deschamps, José de Sousa, Friday, February 13, 2015 - 00:00
Emily Nix, Nancy Qian, Monday, January 26, 2015 - 00:00
Laurent Gobillon, Peter Rupert, Étienne Wasmer, Tuesday, July 23, 2013 - 00:00
The unemployment rate in France is roughly six percentage points higher for African immigrants than for natives. Why? This column argues that the explanation is spatial: recent immigrants tend to have much longer commute times. Research suggests that in the region of 20% of the employment gap between the French minority and the French majority can be put down to commute times, but more research is needed, especially in France where research into the ethnic unemployment gap is scarce.
Graziella Bertocchi, Arcangelo Dimico, Sunday, July 22, 2012 - 00:00
We evaluate the empirical relevance of de facto vs. de jure determinants of political power in the U.S. South between the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century. Our results indicate that de jure voting restrictions reduce black registration but that black disfranchisement starts well before 1890 and is more intense where a black majority represents a threat to the de facto power of white elites.
Karla Hoff, Tuesday, April 24, 2012 - 00:00
For some, affirmative action is righting one wrong by committing a wrong against another group. But this column presents new theory and evidence suggesting that the influence of social stigma on a person’s self-confidence, self-development and their ultimate success should not be ignored.
Romain Rancière, Amine Ouazad, Friday, March 16, 2012 - 00:00
Did the rise in subprime mortgages – predominantly to black and Hispanic borrowers – lead to a fall in racial segregation as people were able to move to more desirable neighbourhoods? This column looks at extensive data on mortgages and changes in the ethnic mix at local schools. It finds that the credit boom that precipitated the global financial crisis may actually have increased racial segregation.
Leah Boustan, Robert A Margo, Saturday, February 12, 2011 - 00:00
Economists and sociologists have long maintained that mass movement of whites to US suburbs harmed remaining inner city residents by reducing the tax base and fostering isolated racial enclaves. This column argues that white suburbanisation had a silver lining – it indirectly contributed to the rise in black homeownership.
Jennifer Doleac, Luke C.D. Stein, Tuesday, June 29, 2010 - 00:00
Do buyers discriminate based on race? This column describes an experiment in the US that advertised iPods online from black and white sellers. Black sellers received fewer offers at lower prices, doing better in markets with competition amongst buyers and worse in high-crime markets. The authors find evidence of both statistical and taste-based discrimination.