Will Basel III work?

Xavier Vives 22 December 2014

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The recent financial crisis has exposed the failures of regulation. We have witnessed how the three pillars of the Basel II approach – namely capital requirements, supervision, and disclosure and market discipline – have been insufficient to prevent or contain the crisis. Banking has proved much more fragile than expected. Among the problems that have surfaced is the danger of an overexposure to wholesale financing, as demonstrated by the demises of Northern Rock and Bear Stearns.

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Topics:  Financial markets

Tags:  BASEL III, capital requirements, banking, regulation, financial crisis, liquidity requirements, transparency, Competition policy, state aid, fire sales, financial fragility, coordination failure, moral hazard, contagion, solvency, liquidity, balance sheets, Information, public signals

Higher capital requirements: The jury is in

Stephen Cecchetti 17 December 2014

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During the Basel III debate, a key concern was that higher capital requirements might damage economic growth. By forcing banks to increase their capitalisation, long-run growth would be permanently lower and the adjustment itself would put a drag on the recovery from the Great Recession. Unsurprisingly, the private sector saw catastrophe, while the official sector was more sanguine. The Institute of International Finance (2010) is the most sensationalist example of the former, and the Macroeconomic Assessment Group (2010a and 2010b) one of the most staid cases of the latter.1

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Topics:  Financial markets

Tags:  bank capital, BASEL III, capital requirements, Macroprudential policy, capital buffers, countercyclical capital buffers, bank lending

The jury is in

Stephen Cecchetti,

Date Published

Wed, 12/17/2014

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http://www.cepr.org/sites/default/files/policy_insights/PolicyInsight76.pdf

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Tags
bank capital, BASEL III, capital requirements, Macroprudential policy, capital buffers, countercyclical capital buffers, bank lending

How insurers differ from banks: Implications for systemic regulation

Christian Thimann 17 October 2014

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Regulation of the insurance industry is entering a new era. The global regulatory community under the auspices of the Financial Stability Board (FSB) is contemplating regulatory standards for insurance groups that it deems to be of systemic importance. Nine insurance groups received this FSB classification in 2013, and the design of systemic regulation for these groups is now in progress.

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Topics:  Financial markets

Tags:  insurance, reinsurance, banking, financial intermediation, regulation, systemic risk, maturity transformation, BASEL III, investment, capital, capital requirements, bail-in, loss absorption

The impact of capital requirements on bank lending

Jonathan Bridges, David Gregory, Mette Nielsen, Silvia Pezzini, Amar Radia, Marco Spaltro 02 September 2014

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The financial crisis has led to widespread support for greater use of time-varying capital requirements on banks as a macroprudential policy tool (see for example Yellen 2010 and Hanson et al. 2011). Policymakers aim to use these tools to enhance the resilience of the financial system, and, potentially, to curb the credit cycle. Under Basel III, national regulatory authorities will be tasked with setting countercyclical capital buffers over the economic cycle.

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Topics:  Financial markets

Tags:  Macroprudential policy, capital requirements, regulation, bank regulation, BASEL III, Bank of England, financial crisis, bank lending, UK

Are banks too large?

Lev Ratnovski, Luc Laeven, Hui Tong 31 May 2014

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Large banks have grown significantly in size and become more involved in market-based activities since the late 1990s. Figure 1 shows how the balance-sheet size of the world’s largest banks increased two- to four-fold in the ten years prior to the crisis. Figure 2 illustrates how banks shifted from traditional lending towards market-oriented activities.

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Topics:  Financial markets

Tags:  regulation, economies of scale, bank regulation, banking, Too big to fail, systemic risk, BASEL III, bank resolution, bank capital

Estimating the impact of changes in aggregate bank capital requirements during an upswing

Joseph Noss, Priscilla Toffano 06 April 2014

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The recent financial crisis and economic contraction that followed highlighted the crucial role that banks play in facilitating the extension of credit and enabling economic growth. This underlies the economic rationale for imposing regulations on the banking industry, including minimum capital requirements designed to mitigate risks banks would not otherwise account for in their behaviour.

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Topics:  Financial markets

Tags:  regulations, bank regulation, banking, capital requirements, banks, BASEL III, credit, Macroprudential policy, bank capital

Bank capital requirements: Risk weights you cannot trust and the implications for Basel III

Jens Hagendorff, Francesco Vallascas 16 December 2013

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One of the primary purposes of bank capital is to absorb losses. Where bank capital holdings are insufficient to absorb losses, banks will either fail or – if bank failure is deemed too costly for the economy – be bailed out. In practice, banks frequently receive public funds where capital holdings are insufficient to cover losses in order to prevent bank failure. Whether or not bank capital holdings are sufficient and in line with the risk of bank portfolios is therefore an important question that is hotly debated among policymakers and in the press.

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Topics:  Financial markets Microeconomic regulation

Tags:  Basel II, financial crisis, capital requirements, BASEL III, Basel, bank capital, risk weighting, capital adequacy

The new market-risk regulations

Jon Danielsson 28 November 2013

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The final shape of the Basel III proposals is increasingly becoming clear, (see Basel Committee 2012, 2013). While the proposals are generally quite technical, the fundamental elements of the market-risk proposals are simple and easily evaluated, providing means to evaluate the quality of the overall proposal.

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Topics:  Financial markets

Tags:  BASEL III, market risk

The impact of liquidity regulation on monetary-policy implementation

Clemens Bonner, Sylvester Eijffinger 14 October 2013

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In response to the recent financial crisis, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision has drafted a new regulatory framework (henceforth Basel III) with the aim to achieve a more robust banking system. While it also tightens the existing requirements for capital, the proposal stands out as it is the first to attempt harmonised liquidity regulation across the globe. Specifically, the framework includes the short-term Liquidity Coverage Ratio (Liquidity Coverage Ratio) and the long-term Net Stable Funding Ratio.

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Topics:  Financial markets Monetary policy

Tags:  monetary policy, liquidity, financial regulation, BASEL III, liquidity coverage ratio

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