Firm age, investment opportunities, and job creation

Manuel Adelino, Song Ma, David Robinson 12 February 2014

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Economists have long been concerned with understanding how firms respond to changing investment opportunities. Indeed, this question is central to ongoing policy discussions about economic growth and job creation, since the way firms create jobs is by increasing investment and employment in response to new economic opportunities. The startup process and economic growth are deeply interconnected – over the last 30 years, young firms were responsible for almost all net job creation in the economy (Haltiwanger et al. 2009, 2013, Stangler and Litan 2009).

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Topics:  Financial markets Labour markets Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  employment, US, growth, entrepreneurship, job creation, firm age

Social and economic effects of return migration to Egypt

Simone Bertoli, Francesca Marchetta 04 October 2013

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A number of demographic, social, and economic factors constitute 'irresistible forces' that are contributing to the rise of the scale of international migration (Pritchett, 2006). The economic literature has not yet fully explored the wise array of effects this phenomenon can have on migrants’ countries of origin. When migration is predominantly temporary in nature, returnees represent a natural focal point of the analysis, as moving across borders can reshape the behaviour and the choices made by the migrants once they return home.

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Topics:  Migration

Tags:  entrepreneurship, fertility, migration

Finance and Poverty: Evidence from India

Meghana Ayyagari, Thorsten Beck, Mohammad Hoseini,

Date Published

Sun, 06/02/2013

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Development Financial markets Migration Poverty and income inequality

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www.cepr.org/pubs/dps/DP9497.asp

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entrepreneurship, India, poverty alleviation

The origins of entrepreneurship and innovation clusters

Aaron Chatterji, Edward Glaeser, William Kerr 04 June 2013

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For decades, the conventional wisdom among local officials pursuing employment growth was to attract a large firm to relocate. ‘Smokestack chasing’ often leads to zero-sum games where regional governments bid against each other to provide substantial incentives to large companies making location choice decisions (e.g. Greenstone et al. 2010).

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Topics:  Industrial organisation

Tags:  entrepreneurship, innovation

What explains gender differences in India? What can be done to promote shared prosperity?

Ejaz Ghani, William Kerr, Stephen D O'Connell 22 February 2013

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Despite rapid economic growth during the last two decades, gender disparities remain deep and persistent in India (e.g. Duflo 2012, World Bank 2012). The UN Gender Inequality Index ranks India below several sub-Saharan African countries, and the World Economic Forum ranks India 113 out of 135 countries in its Global Gender Gap Report (Hausmann, Tyson and Zahidi 2011).

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Topics:  Development Gender

Tags:  gender, entrepreneurship, India, Business

Do return migrants need their social capital for entrepreneurship?

Yves Zenou, Jackline Wahba 19 August 2012

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What makes an entrepreneur? This question has been the focus of few previous studies. The rather small body of literature on this issue has put forward the importance of financial constraints in becoming an entrepreneur. Access to credit is seen as a major obstacle for entrepreneurship (e.g. Banerjee and Newman 1983). Limited personal and family savings and lack of access to credit are seen to severely limit the growth prospects of promising start-ups in developing countries.

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Topics:  Development Migration

Tags:  entrepreneurship, migration, social capital, Egypt

Why do entrepreneurs locate where they do?

Ejaz Ghani, William Kerr, Stephen D O'Connell 26 February 2012

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Topics:  Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  entrepreneurship, India

What drives women out of entrepreneurship? The joint role of testosterone and culture

Luigi Guiso, Aldo Rustichini,

Date Published

Mon, 01/17/2011

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Frontiers of economic research Labour markets Productivity and Innovation

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www.cepr.org/pubs/dps/DP8204.asp

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entrepreneurship, digit ratio, entrepreneurial ability, testosterone and women's emancipation

Entrepreneurial finance and public policy

William Kerr, Ramana Nanda 27 April 2010

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The process of “creative destruction”, whereby entrepreneurs with new ideas and methods of production displace less efficient incumbents, is believed to play a critical role in driving productivity growth in the economy. High-profile entrepreneurs create and commercialise new technologies such as automobiles and semiconductors – major innovations that spawn new industries. Although clearly important, such start-ups only represent a tiny proportion of overall entry in the economy.

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Topics:  Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  entrepreneurship, picking winners, subsidy

Policies to encourage entrepreneurship

Josh Lerner interviewed by Romesh Vaitilingam,

Date Published

Fri, 03/12/2010

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See Also

Related research here.

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Topics

Productivity and Innovation
Tags
entrepreneurship, innovation, venture capital

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With a little help from my (random) friends: success and failure in post-business school entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship, growth and public policy
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