The long-run effects of the Scramble for Africa

Stelios Michalopoulos, Elias Papaioannou, 6 January 2012



The predominant explanations for the deep roots of contemporary African (under)development centre on the influence of Europeans during the colonial period (Acemoglu et al 2005), and on the slave trade in the centuries before colonisation when close to 20 million slaves were exported from Africa (Nunn 2008).1 Yet another milestone took place amidst these

Topics: Development
Tags: Africa, civil conflict, ethnic violence

Civil conflicts hurt firms – by displacing workers

Christopher Ksoll, Rocco Macchiavello, Ameet Morjaria, 8 March 2011



Foreign firms who want to take advantage of Africa’s comparative advantage in agriculture and low wages not only face bureaucracy, but also civil wars and conflicts. Naturally the latter are disastrous for profitability and investments – yet very little is actually known about the microeconomics of how conflict affects firms.

Topics: Development, International trade
Tags: civil conflict, East Africa, elections, Kenya

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