Determinants of prosocial behaviour: Lessons from an experiment with referees at the Journal of Public Economics

Raj Chetty, Emmanuel Saez, László Sándor 11 August 2014

a

A

Many organisations rely on prosocial behaviours – choices that benefit others but have a personal cost – to achieve their objectives. For instance, foundations rely on charitable contributions for funding, governments partly rely on voluntary compliance for tax revenue, and employers rely on voluntary referrals for hiring. Because such prosocial behaviours have positive externalities by definition, increasing such behaviour can improve welfare. What are the most effective policies to encourage prosocial behaviour?

a

A

Topics:  Frontiers of economic research

Tags:  research, incentives, Behavioural economics, academia, journals, peer review, social pressure, intrinsic motivation

Assessing Italian research quality: A comparison between bibliometric evaluation and informed peer review

Graziella Bertocchi, Alfonso Gambardella, Tullio Jappelli, Carmela A. Nappi, Franco Peracchi 28 July 2014

a

A

Measuring research quality is a topic of growing interest to universities and research institutions. It has become a central issue in relation to the efficient allocation of public resources, which – in many countries and especially in Europe – represent the main component of university funding. Many countries – Australia, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Scandinavian countries, and the UK – have introduced national assessment exercises to gauge the quality of university research.

a

A

Topics:  Frontiers of economic research

Tags:  Universities, research, citations, science, academia, research quality, peer review, research assessments, bibliometrics

No top fives, no worries?

John Gibson 06 June 2014

a

A

Economics is unusual among academic disciplines in the emphasis it places on publication in a narrow set of top journals:

  • For four decades at least, publishing in The American Economic Review, Econometrica, Journal of Political Economy, Quarterly Journal of Economics, or Review of Economic Studies has been viewed as qualitatively different than publishing in other journals.

Many economists and economics departments view their peers as falling into those who have at least one top-five publication and those that don’t.

a

A

Topics:  Education

Tags:  research, publications, academics, journals, top journals

US and them: The geography of academic research

Jishnu Das, Quy-Toan Do 11 February 2014

a

A

The world has globalised massively, but Bardhan (2003) and many others worry that academic publication has not. He asserts that researchers working on countries other than the US do not get a fair deal in the top economic journals. While work by Ellison (2000) documents how publishing in economics has changed over time, it is interesting to ask, at the end of three decades of globalisation, how global journals are today and whether publications in economics have become more representative of the world over time.

a

A

Topics:  Development Frontiers of economic research

Tags:  research, publications, journals

Our uneconomic methods of measuring economic research

Stan Liebowitz 06 December 2013

a

A

In the movie Moneyball, a nerdy Ivy League economics major, working for a general manager played by Brad Pitt, found undervalued baseball players by applying clear-headed logic and statistical techniques.1 Many economists watching this movie probably felt a tinge of pride in seeing our tools portrayed as rigorously objective. After all, economists have long been proponents of using logic to eliminate inefficiencies and rent-seeking in the economy (e.g. Tullock 1967).

a

A

Topics:  Education

Tags:  productivity, research, citations, academia, journals, publication

Ageing and productivity: Economists and others

Daniel S. Hamermesh 20 February 2013

a

A

Sixty years ago, Harvey Lehman published a path-breaking book examining the lifecycle of productivity in various fields, scientific, humanistic and artistic (Lehman 1953). He demonstrated the now widely accepted conclusion that the contributions of mathematicians and people in mathematics-related disciplines peak very early in their careers. Lehman also showed that artists and humanists in many cases achieved their greatest successes much later in life. How do economists stack up along the age-productivity dimension, and how has that been changing?

a

A

Topics:  Frontiers of economic research Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  research, technology, economists, academia, age, Nobel

Nine facts about top journals in economics

David Card, Stefano DellaVigna 21 January 2013

a

A

Publications in the top journals have a powerful influence on the direction of research in economics, on the career paths of young researchers (Conley et al. 2011), and on the pay of academic economists. To what extent has the publication process in these journals changed over the past few decades? Remarkably little comprehensive evidence exists on the topic.

a

A

Topics:  Frontiers of economic research

Tags:  research, publications, journals

The university as an internal labour market

Catherine M. Haeck, Frank Verboven 17 June 2010

a

A

During the past decade policymakers have spent considerable effort to reform European universities. Aghion et al. (2008) provide a critical review of recent higher education policies and an agenda for desirable reforms. While European countries have coordinated quite intensively to reform their teaching programs and achieve compatible degrees throughout Europe, there has been little effort to coordinate reforms of the internal organisation of universities. As a result, European universities still show a large diversity in hiring, promotion, and tenure rules.

a

A

Topics:  Education Labour markets

Tags:  education, research, higher education, teaching

Why it matters who leads research universities

Amanda Goodall 02 January 2010

a

A

It is well known that the top European research universities underperform compared to their American counterparts. The evidence is summarised with policy recommendations by van der Ploeg and Veugelers (2008a,b). The authors raise the need for improved governance, in particular that governments should give universities greater autonomy to manage their own affairs. Leadership is an important part of governance, and again Europe lags.

a

A

Topics:  Education

Tags:  Universities, research, leadership

Is Europe lagging behind the US in university technology licensing?

Annamaria Conti , Patrick Gaulé 30 July 2009

a

A

In an increasingly knowledge-based economy, it is widely believed that the quality of university-industry linkages is important for growth. On several occasions, the European Commission has argued that while European research institutions are good at producing academic research outputs, they are not successful in transferring these outputs to the economy – the so called ‘European Paradox’ (European Commission 2007). Reforms in the organisation of technology transfer are thus needed to improve knowledge transfer from public research institutions to firms.

a

A

Topics:  Education Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  Universities, research, technology

Pages