The recent financial crisis and economic contraction that followed highlighted the crucial role that banks play in facilitating the extension of credit and enabling economic growth. This underlies the economic rationale for imposing regulations on the banking industry, including minimum capital requirements designed to mitigate risks banks would not otherwise account for in their behaviour.
Estimating the impact of changes in aggregate bank capital requirements during an upswing
Joseph Noss, Priscilla Toffano, 6 April 2014
How much is enough? The case of the Resolution Fund in Europe
Thomas Huertas, María J Nieto, 18 March 2014
During the crisis, individual institutions such as Hypo Real Estate required public assistance of €100 billion or more.1 So how can a European Resolution Fund of only €55 billion possibly suffice for all banks in the Eurozone?
Topics: EU institutions, Financial markets, International finance
Tags: bail-in, bank resolution, banking, European Resolution Fund, eurozone, Macroprudential policy, microprudential regulation, regulation, systemic risk
The interaction between monetary and macroprudential policies
Stijn Claessens, Fabian Valencia, 14 March 2013
In the decades prior to the crisis, macroeconomic management evolved to assign a strong role to monetary policy, with a primary focus on price stability. The framework of monetary policy was broadly converging toward one with an inflation target (explicit or implicit) and a short-term interest rate as a tool (Blanchard, Dell’Ariccia and Mauro 2010).
Macroprudential supervision in banking union
Dirk Schoenmaker, 9 December 2012
There is a strong tendency to focus on the stability and soundness of individual banks. Supervisors may thus be bogged down by the details of these banks, while losing sight of emerging imbalances in the wider financial system.
Macroprudential policy: Economic rationale and optimal tools
Giovanni Favara, Lev Ratnovski, 6 August 2012
The purpose of macroprudential policy is to reduce ‘systemic risk’. While hard to define formally, systemic risk is understood as 'the risk of developments that threaten the stability of the financial system as a whole and consequently the broader economy” (Bernanke, 2009). The notion is meant to include the types of financial imbalances that led to the 2007-2008 bust.
Macroprudential policy: What instruments and how to use them? Lessons from country experiences
Francesco Columba, Alejo Costa, Cheng Hoon Lim, 16 March 2012
Macroprudential policy is quickly gaining traction in international circles as a useful tool to address system-wide risks in the financial sector (see for example Borio 2011, Galati and Moessner 2011, Viñals 2010, 2011). Yet the analytical and operational underpinnings of a macroprudential framework are not fully understood and the effectiveness of the instruments is uncertain.
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