Diversifying Russia

Simon Commander, Alexander Plekhanov 29 January 2013

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Russia aims to diversify its economy, thereby moving away from its dependence on oil and gas. Despite much political rhetoric, our research (European Bank for Reconstruction and Development 2012) indicates that, to date, relatively little has been achieved. Oil and gas still account for nearly 70% of total merchandise exports and around a half of the federal budget. Figure 1 shows the increasing share of minerals in total exports when measured in constant prices.

Figure 1. Russia: Structure of exports in real terms (at constant prices)

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Topics:  Development

Tags:  Russia, education, skills, oil, gas, economic diversification

It’s not a skill mismatch: Disaggregate evidence on the US unemployment-vacancy relationship

Rand Ghayad, William Dickens 05 January 2013

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The Beveridge curve – the empirical relationship between unemployment and vacancies – is thought to be an indicator of the efficiency of the functioning of the labour market. Normally when vacancies rise, unemployment falls following a curved path that typically remains stable over long periods of time.

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Topics:  Labour markets

Tags:  US, unemployment, skills, welfare

Who are the winners and losers from outsourcing?

Holger Görg, Ingo Geishecker,

Date Published

Mon, 09/24/2007

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International trade

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http://www.cepr.org/pubs/new-dps/dplist.asp?dpno=6484.asp

International outsourcing is a growing phenomenon in world trade, and its 30% approximate increase between 1970 and 1990 has sparked a lot of interest in recent academic literature and the business press. CEPR DP6484 adds to previous studies on outsourcing’s implications for labour markets by investigating its effect, measured in terms of imports of intermediates, on wages for different skill groups.

Journalists are entitled to free DP downloads on request; please contact pressoffice@cepr.org. To learn more about subscribing to CEPR's Discussion Paper Series, please visit the CEPR website.

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wages, offshoring, skills, international outsourcing

Explaining women’s success: technological change and the skill content of women’s work

Sandra E. Black, Alexandra Spitz-Oener 01 September 2007

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There is a lively debate as to why the gender wage gap has closed in industrialized countries in recent decades.1 When investigating possible explanations, most research has focused on factors such as education and experience, for which changes have been more favorable for women than for men; increased labor force participation and the changing characteristics of working women rank high on the list of likely causes.2 All of these explanations come from the supply side, implicitly assuming that there were no changes in the skill

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Topics:  Education Gender

Tags:  gender wage gap, skills

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