External integration, structural transformation, and economic development: Evidence from Argentina 1870-1914

Pablo Fajgelbaum, Stephen Redding 12 July 2014

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External economic integration is often argued to be an important driver of economic development, as it raises income through specialisation in comparative-advantage sectors, provides low-cost access to imported goods, and shapes the pattern of structural transformation from agricultural into non-agricultural activities. These relationships are typically examined at the aggregate level, implicitly treating each country as a point in space.

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Topics:  Development Economic history International trade

Tags:  integration, comparative advantage, trade costs, Argentina, specialisation

An ever closer union?

Bruno Maçães 09 July 2014

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The debate on the future of the European Union is now in full swing. Perhaps the most interesting aspect of this debate is the way it harks back to a short clause in the EU's founding document. In the 1957 Treaty of Rome, the signatories pledged to work towards “an ever closer union”. It was never entirely clear what this meant, but that has not stopped many in the UK, the Netherlands, and other countries from arguing that this original ambition is also what is fundamentally wrong with the EU. A review by the Dutch government concluded that the “time for an ever closer union is up”.

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Topics:  EU institutions EU policies

Tags:  EU, integration

Citizenship and Employment – Comparing Two Cool Countries

Pieter Bevelander, Ravi Pendakur,

Date Published

Mon, 01/10/2011

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Immigration in Western Europe

Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, Giovanni Peri 17 April 2008

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Western European workers are ageing, Western European women are increasingly participating into the labour force, and young Western European generations have significantly increased their level of schooling. As these three tendencies continue, Western European economies will increase their demand for services once provided by women at home and young workers with low education (such as the care of children and elderly, cleaning, cooking, preparing food, driving, landscaping, building and similar services), while the supply of workers willing to provide them will shrink.

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Topics:  Labour markets Migration

Tags:  unemployment, welfare state, immigration, integration, labour market institutions

The specific pattern of Muslim immigrants’ integration in the UK

Alberto Bisin, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier, Yves Zenou 19 September 2007

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An intense political and intellectual debate is taking place in Europe regarding the pace at which recent immigrants are (or are not) integrating to European cultural values. Huntington's notion of clash of civilizations as well as Sen’s analysis of multi-cultural societies, for instance, prominently feature in many discussions in the media.

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Topics:  Europe's nations and regions

Tags:  Muslims, integration