Understanding the mechanisms underlying peer group effects: The role of friendships in determining adolescent outcomes

Jason Fletcher, Stephen L. Ross 03 November 2013

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Over the last decade, research on peer effects in secondary education has flourished – in part because of the within-school/across-cohort design for identifying peer effects popularised in early work by Hoxby (2000), and partly due to the increasing availability of quality data on K-12 students in the US and internationally. The cohort approach to studying peer effects exploits the idea that when choosing schools, parents cannot easily observe the attributes of the specific cohorts to which their children will belong.

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Topics:  Education Gender

Tags:  education, Peer Effects, discipline, disruption

Do elite universities admit the academically best students?

Debopam Bhattacharya 13 April 2013

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The undergraduate admissions process at elite universities, owing to its implications for socioeconomic mobility, is subjected to significant public scrutiny in the UK. Social commentators and politicians routinely call for 'scientific assessment' of existing admission methods (Hewstone 2013) while news media and thinktanks regularly publish reports documenting what appear superficially to be 'unfair' admission practices at selective universities.

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Topics:  Education

Tags:  education, UK, elite universities

The trend reversal in income inequality and returns to education: How bad is this good news for Latin America?

Augusto de la Torre, Julián Messina 07 March 2013

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Latin America witnessed unprecedented economic and social achievements during the last decade. In particular, the year 2003 appears as an important inflexion point for the region’s economic history, a point that we have highlighted in several World Bank publications1. Specifically, moderate poverty (less than US$4 purchasing power parity per capita, which leveled around 45% of total population during the 1990s and until 2003, steadily falls to less than 30% by 2011, allowing more than 70 million Latin Americans to leave poverty in less than a decade.

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Topics:  Labour markets

Tags:  education, income inequality, Latin America

The long-run gains of not mixing genders in high-school classes

Massimo Anelli, Giovanni Peri 23 February 2013

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Gender gap in college majors and earnings

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Topics:  Education Gender Labour markets

Tags:  Italy, education, wages, gender, women, labour

The reduction of school days in Japan increased educational inequality

Daiji Kawaguchi 02 February 2013

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One of the major objectives of compulsory education is to assure uniform educational opportunities for all children regardless of their socioeconomic background. For that reason, most advanced countries provide compulsory education as well as textbooks free of charge. Getting education policy right for those at an early age is also important for competitiveness in the global knowledge economy (Murtin and Viarengo 2013).

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Topics:  Education

Tags:  education, Japan, university

Diversifying Russia

Simon Commander, Alexander Plekhanov 29 January 2013

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Russia aims to diversify its economy, thereby moving away from its dependence on oil and gas. Despite much political rhetoric, our research (European Bank for Reconstruction and Development 2012) indicates that, to date, relatively little has been achieved. Oil and gas still account for nearly 70% of total merchandise exports and around a half of the federal budget. Figure 1 shows the increasing share of minerals in total exports when measured in constant prices.

Figure 1. Russia: Structure of exports in real terms (at constant prices)

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Topics:  Development

Tags:  Russia, education, skills, oil, gas, economic diversification

The expansion and convergence of compulsory schooling: Lessons for developing countries

Fabrice Murtin, Martina Viarengo 18 January 2013

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One goal of the UN’s Millennium Declaration is “achieving universal primary education” by 2015 (UN 2012). Yet, according to recent statistics, 61 million children of primary school age are not enrolled in school (UNESCO 2012), and 12% do not complete primary education (World Bank 2012). Drop-off rates significantly increase in developing countries during the transition from primary to secondary school.

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Topics:  Development Labour markets

Tags:  education, schooling, school leaving age, learning outcomes

The impact of immigration on the educational attainment of natives

Jennifer Hunt 17 November 2012

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The increase in wage inequality in a large number of developed countries has heightened the importance of ensuring all children complete at least an apprenticeship or 12 years of high school. At the same time, parents in countries with high levels of immigration of low-skilled workers fear that the presence of immigrant children in the classroom lowers the quality of education for native students. If this concern is well founded, rising immigration could reduce native high school graduation rates as the benefit of an addition year of schooling falls.

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Topics:  Education

Tags:  education, immigration

Who lives longer?

Josep Pijoan-Mas, Víctor Ríos-Rull 30 September 2012

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Economists have long been worried about income inequality and its effects on welfare. For instance, workers with a college degree earn on average much more than those who did not complete high school. This disparity translates into large differences in consumption levels and hence welfare (see, for instance, Heathcote et al. 2010). We argue, however, that these welfare differences are dwarfed by the differences in longevity between individuals in different socioeconomic groups, and mainly by differences in longevity between individuals of different educational levels.

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Topics:  Education Health economics Poverty and income inequality

Tags:  education, wealth, health, life expectancy

What’s the use of economics? Introduction to the Vox debate

Diane Coyle 19 September 2012

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This column is a lead commentary in the VoxEU Debate "What's the use of economics?"

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Topics:  Education Frontiers of economic research Global crisis

Tags:  education, Economics, global crisis, teaching

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