Teaching practices and social capital

Yann Algan, Pierre Cahuc, Andrei Shleifer,

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Mon, 10/24/2011

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education, trust, social capital, progressive eduction, teaching practices, interpersonal cooperation

The impacts of education on crime, health and mortality, and civic participation

Lance Lochner 17 October 2011

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Given recent budget problems around the world, many governments have proposed sharp cuts to education. What are the likely long-run costs of these cuts? Growing evidence suggests that the lasting impacts of reductions in early childhood investments, school quality, and educational attainment among today’s youth are likely to extend beyond declines in future productivity and earnings. Crime rates are likely to increase, health and mortality are likely to deteriorate, and political and social institutions may suffer.

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Topics:  Education Health economics

Tags:  education, crime, health

A different approach to assessment-based accountability

Derek Neal, Gadi Barlevy 08 October 2011

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For more than two decades, school systems in the US and around the world have introduced new accountability and incentive systems for public school educators that rely of the test scores of students as performance signals for educators. There is now a large empirical body of evidence on the effects of these assessment-based accountability and performance pay systems (Cunha and Heckman 2008).

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Topics:  Education

Tags:  education, performance-related pay

Expanding access to elite education: What do we know?

Sandra McNally, Nina Guyon, Eric Maurin 06 October 2011

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Facebook and its co-founder Mark Zuckerberg, the world’s youngest self-made billionaire, are products of Harvard University, often listed as the finest university in the world. The book and movie1 about the rise of Facebook make a clear connection between the success of the company and the university where it started: both Facebook and Harvard targeted the exclusive and the elite. Facebook has recently registered its 500 millionth member.

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Topics:  Education

Tags:  education, Northern Ireland, class, elitism

The democratic transition

Fabrice Murtin, Romain Wacziarg 05 October 2011

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Throughout history the march toward political freedom has not been a smooth process. It has happened in fits and starts, in waves, and was often reversed or interrupted. The collapse of several Middle Eastern authoritarian regimes in the wake of this year’s Arab Spring illustrates the point clearly.

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Topics:  Development Politics and economics

Tags:  education, democracy, Arab Spring

Is education policy innovation policy?

Ralf R Meisenzahl, Joel Mokyr 13 June 2011

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The Industrial Revolution is widely regarded as the start of modern economic growth. In his recent influential work, Allen (2009a, 2009b) has resurrected induced innovation theory and re-emphasised the role of factor prices. As the theory goes, scarce labour (measured by high wages) stimulated labour-saving inventions in Britain – basically induced innovation is a corollary of the old saying, “necessity is the mother of invention”. We beg to differ.

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Topics:  Development Economic history Poverty and income inequality

Tags:  education, growth, Industrial Revolution

Democracy, quality of government, and the average voter

Piergiuseppe Fortunato, Ugo Panizza 04 June 2011

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The standard efficiency argument in favour of democracy is based on the idea that free elections are an effective instrument for ousting inept and corrupt politicians (e.g. Sen 2000). This view, however, is based on the assumptions that voters are capable of monitoring and evaluating government actions.

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Topics:  Education Politics and economics

Tags:  education, democracy, politics

“The people want the fall of the regime”: Schooling, political protest, and the economy

Davin Chor, Filipe R Campante 25 April 2011

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The wave of political protest that has shaken the Middle East since late 2010 has been a textbook example of a “prairie fire” revolution (Kuran 1989). The tragic act of protest of a Tunisian street vendor set off a contagious streak of demonstrations that has so far claimed two seemingly unshakeable incumbents in Tunisia and Egypt and still threatens a number of fellow strongmen. In seeking to explain the underlying causes of these protest movements, the popular narrative has pointed to the confluence of two structural forces, namely demographics and economic conditions.

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Topics:  Education Politics and economics

Tags:  education, democracy, political protests, Middle East

Are friends important in educational outcomes?

Eleonora Patacchini, Yves Zenou 25 February 2011

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Each student influences his or her classmates – not only through knowledge spillovers and how teachers respond to him/her, but also in how he/she affects classroom standards. A less disciplined student is more likely to disrupt his/her classmates, forcing the teacher to devote more time in class to disciplining rather than transmitting knowledge. Therefore a student’s performance in school may be influenced by the characteristics and behaviour of his/her peers.

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Topics:  Education

Tags:  education, US, peer-effects

Investment in financial literacy and saving decisions

Tullio Jappelli, Mario Padula 08 February 2011

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The demographic transition is increasingly shifting the responsibility of saving decisions from the welfare system to individuals. The switch from defined benefits to defined contributions pension systems is making individuals more liable for their long-term saving choices. In addition, the recent financial crisis has questioned people’s ability to manage their debts.

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Topics:  Education Financial markets

Tags:  education, Financial literacy, savings rates

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