University research is a catalyst for business sector innovations, according to several empirical studies (see for example, Agrawal 2001).
The impact of university research on corporate patenting
Christian Helmers, Mark Rogers, 21 December 2010
Are skill-intensive imports from rich nations deskilling emerging economies?
Raphael Auer, 10 December 2010
Among economists and policymakers alike, there is now a sense of agreement that import competition from low-wage countries has caused a decline in the relative wage of unskilled workers in rich nations, probably best summarised by Krugman’s verdict that the impact of trade on wages “is big, and getting bigger” (see
The historical roots of inequality
Graziella Bertocchi, Arcangelo Dimico, 14 November 2010
In March 2010 President Obama presented the US Congress a plan to reform No Child Left Behind (NCLB), America’s main federal education programme. NCLB was enacted in 2002 under President Bush with the full bipartisan support of Congress. Yet one of the criticisms to NCLB stresses its failure to reduce the deeply rooted racial and ethnic gaps that still afflict the US education system.
Childcare subsidies and child wellbeing
Chris Herbst, Erdal Tekin, 9 October 2010
Childcare subsidies are increasingly used by state and local governments to facilitate employment and reduce welfare use among economically disadvantaged families in the US. Most public expenditures on child care assistance in the US are funnelled through the federal Child Care and Development Fund (created as part of the 1996 welfare reform).
Producing superstars for the economic Mundial: The team in the tail
Lant Pritchett, Martina Viarengo , 20 August 2010
In the World Cup (or Mundial in Spanish), the tails matter. Each nation’s destiny depends on the players on the pitch. The question is not which nation has the highest average quality of football players among its population nor which nation has the best single player but which country can assemble a team of 11 at their various positions, who can beat all comers.
The effect of home computer use on children’s outcomes
Ofer Malamud, Cristian Pop-Eleches , 21 July 2010
There are large disparities in computer ownership both between and within countries. Estimates from the OECD's 2003 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) indicate that most 15 year old students in developed countries have access to a computer at home (91% in the US).
The long-term impact of life before birth
Douglas Almond, Janet Currie, 24 June 2010
The last decade has seen a blossoming of research on the long-term effects of early childhood conditions across a range of disciplines. In economics, the focus is on how human capital accumulation responds to the early childhood environment. This work has been spurred by a growing realisation that early life conditions can have persistent and profound impacts on later life.
The university as an internal labour market
Catherine M. Haeck, Frank Verboven, 17 June 2010
During the past decade policymakers have spent considerable effort to reform European universities. Aghion et al. (2008) provide a critical review of recent higher education policies and an agenda for desirable reforms.
Being the educational world leader helped Prussia catch up in the Industrial Revolution
Ludger Woessmann, Sascha O Becker, Erik Hornung, 9 May 2010
The Industrial Revolution was British, which is why British evidence sets the received wisdom on the Industrial Revolution. Consequently, the received wisdom in the literature is that – contrary to economic growth in the 20th century – formal education had no role in economic development during the Industrial Revolution (Mitch 1993 and Mokyr 1990).
The good, the bad, and the average: Evidence of ability peer effects in schools
Victor Lavy, Olmo Silva , Felix Weinhardt, 10 February 2010
The estimation of peer effects at school has received intense attention in recent years. Several studies have presented convincing evidence about race, gender, and immigrants’ peer effects.
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CEPR Policy Research
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