Agglomeration and product innovation in China

Hongyong Zhang, 21 July 2014



Spatial agglomeration of economic activities is generally assumed to improve productivity and spur firms’ innovation through localisation economies and urbanisation economies.1 There is an extensive empirical literature investigating the effects of localisation and urbanisation on firm-level productivity.

Topics: Productivity and Innovation
Tags: agglomeration, China, clusters, innovation, productivity, R&D, spatial concentration, subsidies

Protection of intellectual property to foster innovations in the service sector

Masayuki Morikawa, 20 July 2014



Given the declining labour force due to population ageing, accelerating the productivity growth of industries – especially the service industries – is an important element of the growth strategy in Japan and most advanced countries. While there are a variety of factors affecting productivity, innovation is one of the key determinants of productivity growth.

Topics: Productivity and Innovation
Tags: growth, innovation, intellectual property, Japan, patents, productivity, R&D, services, trade secrets

Trust-based working time spurs innovation

Holger Görg, Olivier N. Godart, Aoife Hanley, Christiane Krieger-Boden, 8 July 2014



The organisation of work has changed dramatically over the last few decades. In particular, the formerly rigidly regulated working time has been replaced by flexible working hour schemes in numerous firms around the world. Taking Germany as an example, in 2010, 36% of employees were entitled to some form of flexible working hours scheme (Figure 1).

Topics: Health economics, Labour markets, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: flexibility, Germany, health, innovation, motivation, overtime, trust, working hours, working time

R&D internationalisation during the Global Crisis

Bernhard Dachs, Georg Zahradnik, 6 July 2014



Foreign firms’ share of total business R&D expenditure increased during the last three decades in almost all countries where data is available, but this trend stopped with the Global Crisis of 2008–2009. In most countries, R&D of foreign firms was more severely affected by the crisis than R&D of domestic firms.

Topics: Global crisis, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: autonomy, FDI, global crisis, globalisation, innovation, multinationals, persistence, R&D, subsidiaries

How highly educated immigrants raise native wages

Giovanni Peri, Kevin Shih, Chad Sparber, 29 May 2014



Immigration to the US has risen tremendously in recent decades. Though media attention and popular discourse often focus on illegal immigrants or the high foreign-born presence among less-educated workers, the data show that immigrants are drawn from both ends of the education spectrum.

Topics: Labour markets, Migration, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: complementarities, growth, immigration, innovation, productivity, STEM, US, wages

The locust and the bee: predators and creators in capitalism's future

Geoff Mulgan interviewed by Romesh Vaitilingam, 11 Apr 2014

Geoff Mulgan talks to Romesh Vaitilingam about his recent book, 'The Locust and the Bee: Predators and Creators in Capitalism's Future'. Mulgan suggests that the economic crisis was a dramatic reminder that capitalism can both produce and destroy, but that it also provides a historic opportunity to choose a radically different future for capitalism - one that maximizes its creative power yet minimizes its destructive force. They discuss the importance of social innovation and the creative economy. The interview was recorded in May 2013.


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See Also

Mulgan, G (2014) The Locust and the Bee: Predators and Creators in Capitalism's Future. Princeton University Press 


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Topics: Politics and economics
Tags: financial crisis, innovation, political uncertainty

Internationalisation and innovation of firms: Give them one roof

Carlo Altomonte, Tommaso Aquilante, Gábor Békés, Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 21 March 2014



Policymakers traditionally have attempted to encourage internationalisation based on the implicit rationale that the latter is associated with productivity and/or employment growth. At the same time, since innovation is the key driver of productivity growth, much attention has been devoted to the specific channels through which trade and innovation are linked (see Aiginger 2011).

Topics: Productivity and Innovation
Tags: innovation, internationalisation, productivity growth

Offshoring and its effects on innovation in emerging economies

Ursula Fritsch, Holger Görg, 23 September 2013



Most empirical studies of the impact of outsourcing on firms look at industrialised countries. However, outsourcing is also common in emerging economies, and firms in middle-income countries split up their production processes similarly to firms in developed countries (see figures in Miroudot et al. (2009) on trade in intermediates).

Topics: International trade, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: emerging markets, innovation, international trade, offshoring, outsourcing, R&D, technology transfer

Creativity, cities and innovation

Neil Lee, Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 24 August 2013



The creative industries are seen as an economically important source of innovation in many developed countries. Definitions vary, but the creative industries are normally seen as including both obviously ‘creative’ sectors, such as the arts, and more mundane activity like software or publishing.

Topics: Productivity and Innovation
Tags: creative industries, innovation

The global race for inventors

Carsten Fink, Ernest Miguelez, Julio Raffo, 17 July 2013



Many countries are currently debating and reforming their immigration policies. One prominent question in these discussions is how to attract skilled workers that can ease domestic skills shortages and foster innovation and entrepreneurship.

Topics: Migration, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: innovation, inventors, migration, patents

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