Eurozone members that face the consequences of severe asymmetric shocks can, in the absence of labour mobility, accommodate by means of fiscal transfers. In order to avoid becoming a one-way transfer union from the core to the periphery, the EU needs to address structural imbalances and persistent current-account deficits and surpluses that are due to real exchange-rate misalignment.
Apart from the fiscal compact – on competitiveness, nominal wages and labour productivity
Marga Peeters, Ard den Reijer, 3 January 2012
Deleveraging in the Eurozone
Vincent O'Sullivan, Stephen Kinsella, 17 December 2011
The capital shortfall at EU banks is 8% higher than originally thought, according to the latest assessment from the European Banking Authority (EBA 2011) released on 8 December.
From trade to domestic collapse? On the complementarity between exports and domestic sales
Nicolas Berman, Antoine Berthou, Jérôme Héricourt, 16 December 2011
The Eurozone is close to slipping into a recession. The most recent OECD forecasts point to an average growth of 0.2% of GDP in volume within the EZ151 in 2012, ranging from -3% (Greece and Portugal) and -0.5% (Italy), to +0.6% (Germany) and +1% (Ireland).
The interplay of sovereign spreads and banks’ fragility in the Eurozone
Damiano Sandri, Ashoka Mody, 23 November 2011
European policymakers are confronting a heightened crisis characterised by a perverse and seemingly intractable interplay between sovereign debt pressures and financial-sector fragilities (Wolff 2011). Three questions arise:
How much capital do European banks need? Some estimates
Viral Acharya, Dirk Schoenmaker, Sascha Steffen, 22 November 2011
The European banking system is freezing up. Several banks are not able to fund themselves in the market. The lack of market confidence in European banks is fed by the ongoing uncertainty about Eurozone sovereign debt (as well as real estate) to which these banks are exposed.
The Eurozone needs exit rules
Cezary Wójcik, Christian Fahrholz , 31 October 2011
With the sovereign debt crisis spreading across Europe and in the run-up to the next EU Summit there is no shortage of suggestions on how to save the Eurozone. Unfortunately, the majority of these suggestions have one of the following flaws.
Is the recent bank stress really driven by the sovereign debt crisis?
Guntram Wolff, 30 October 2011
Stress in the interbank market has increased significantly since July (Figure 1). There is now a significant debate on why this is the case and what would be the best way to address it (Financial Times 2011).1 Many have argued that the sovereign debt crisis isthe most important driver of banking stress in the Eurozone.
Resolving the current European mess
Charles Wyplosz, 25 October 2011
Editors' note: This column forms part of a VoxEU.org eBook 'The Future of Banking', to be published on Tuesday 25 October.
ESBies: A realistic reform of Europe's financial architecture
The Undersigned, 25 October 2011
The current European crisis has exposed several flaws in the design of the Eurozone financial system. It was internally inconsistent. On the one hand, it imposed a ‘no-bail out clause’ ruling out any bailout to ensure that interest rate differentials provide a clear signal about the buildup of imbalances.
The European debt crisis: Worrisome delusions
Charles Wyplosz, 19 December 2010
Lorenzo Bini-Smaghi – Member of the ECB's Executive Board – has produced a brilliant defence of the no-default strategy currently pursued by the Eurozone authorities (Financial Times 2010).
His arguments are straightforward.
- Fiscal consolidation: At what speed?Blanchard, Leigh
- Public debt and economic growth, one more timePanizza, Presbitero
- Escaping liquidity traps: Lessons from the UK’s 1930s escapeCrafts
- The lessons of the North Atlantic crisis for economic theory and policyStiglitz
- Helicopter money as a policy optionReichlin, Turner, Woodford
- A tale of two depressions: What do the new data tell us? February 2010 updateEichengreen, O’Rourke
- Educated in America: College graduates and high school dropoutsHeckman, LaFontaine
- Eurozone breakup would trigger the mother of all financial crisesEichengreen
- Debt, deleveraging, and the liquidity trap: A new modelKrugman
- Panic-driven austerity in the Eurozone and its implicationsDe Grauwe, Ji
Reichlin, Baldwin, 14 April 2013
Reichlin, Turner, Woodford
CEPR Policy Research
- The "Greatest" Carry Trade Ever? Understanding Eurozone Bank RisksAcharya, Steffen
- Political Credit Cycles: The Case of the Euro ZoneFernández-Villaverde, Garicano, Santos
- Winning by Losing: Incentive Incompatibility in Multiple QualifiersDagaev, Sonin
- Income and schoolingBrückner, Gradstein
- Monetary Policy and Rational Asset Price BubblesGalí
- How the EZ crisis is permanently changing EU institutionsMicossi
- WTO 2.0: Global governance of supply-chain tradeBaldwin
- Is US economic growth over? Faltering innovation confronts the six headwindsGordon
- The economic crisis: How to stimulate economies without increasing public debtWood
- Austerity: Too Much of a Good Thing?Corsetti