Brain drain or brain gain? Evidence from corporate boards

Mariassunta Giannetti , Guanmin Liao, Xiaoyun Yu 03 January 2013

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Development economists have long warned about the costs for developing countries of the emigration of the best and brightest that decamp to universities and businesses in the developed world (Bhagwati 1976). This brain drain has attracted a considerable amount of economic research. 

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Topics:  Development

Tags:  brain drain, corporate governance, brain gain

Do highly skilled migrants return permanently to their home countries?

Patrick Gaulé 14 December 2010

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Many countries are concerned about losing their best scientists, engineers, and other skilled workers to emigration to foreign countries and the US in particular. It is plainly the case that many skilled workers cross national borders. The evidence regarding the brain drain from Europe to the US is surveyed in Saint-Paul (2008). The foreign born represent more than a third of PhD holders in the US Science and Engineering workforce (NSF 2007). Furthermore, these migrants make a disproportionate contribution to US science and innovation (Levin and Stephan 1999 Hunt forthcoming).

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Topics:  Development Migration

Tags:  US, Labour Markets, brain drain, academics

What are the consequences for development of the most highly skilled migrating?

John Gibson, David McKenzie 12 August 2010

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If you were born in the Pacific Islands or the Caribbean and have a university education, the chances are that you have moved abroad – well over half do so (Beineet al. 2008). High-skilled migration is also commonplace in a number of larger developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In Ghana, 47% of those with a tertiary education live outside of the country (Docquier and Marfouk 2005).

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Topics:  Development Migration

Tags:  brain drain, Pacific, high-skilled migration

Migration in Latin America: Answering old questions with new data

Bárbara Castelletti, Jeff Dayton-Johnson, Ángel Melguizo 19 March 2010

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Does immigration reduce the wages of domestic workers? Are immigrants a substitute for a country’s labour force, thereby pushing up unemployment rates for native-born workers? Are they net beneficiaries of the welfare state?

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Topics:  Migration

Tags:  immigration, brain drain, Latin America and the Caribbean

The European brain drain: European workers living in the US

Gilles Saint-Paul 24 December 2008

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Since 1995, America has grown faster while enjoying lower unemployment than Europe. Adding to Europe's growth angst are worries about aging populations, its inability to adapt to technical change, the burden of its welfare state, and the pains of labour market deregulation. A particular worry is that Europe is losing its most talented workers to the US. Stories of succesfull expatriates in Silicon Valley and top academic departments abound. European politicians and businesses complain that they cannot compete with the US due to taxes and regulations (François-Poncet 1999, Mahroum 1999).

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Topics:  Migration

Tags:  US, European Monetary Union, brain drain

Brain Drained: A Tale of Two Countries

Dan Ben-David 14 March 2008

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While the number of European scholars in America ranges from one to four percent of the scholars in their individual home countries, 73% of those who earn their PhDs in the States indicate a desire to stay there (European Commission, 2003).

Sound far-fetched? A look at what has already happened to Israel should serve as a warning that this is not a number that Europe should take lightly. The number of Israeli academics in U.S. universities has already reached 25% of the scholars still remaining in Israel, and there is no clear end in sight for this freefall.

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Topics:  Education Migration

Tags:  higher education, Israel, academic migration, U.S. universities, brain drain

Brain Drained: Soaring Minds

Dan Ben-David 13 March 2008

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The brain drain is no longer merely a concern about outmigration from developing to developed countries. As border barriers to individuals whose skills are in demand fall, a greater number of those who can move are choosing to do so, particularly in academia. In its examination of the brain drain to the United States, the European Commission (2003) reported that 73% of the 15,000 Europeans who studied for their PhD in the States between 1991 and 2000 plan to remain in America.

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Topics:  Education Migration

Tags:  Israel, academic migration, brain drain, foreign scholars, US universities

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