US electrification in the 1930s

Carl Kitchens, 29 January 2014

a

A

In 1930, fewer than 10% of farms in the US had access to electricity. By the mid-1950s, almost every farm in the country had electricity. While the US was able to extend electricity to its rural locations rapidly over a 25-year period, much of the developing world still remains without electricity today. In 2012, 1.3 billion people lived without electricity worldwide.

Topics: Development, Economic history
Tags: Agriculture, electricity, electrification, growth, infrastructure, investment, subsidies, technology

Counting thy numbers: Defining and measuring fossil fuel subsidies

Ronald Steenblik, Jehan Sauvage, Jagoda Egeland, 15 September 2012

a

A

Fossil fuel subsidies have attracted renewed attention following the Pittsburgh Summit of September 2009, where leaders of the G20 committed to “rationalise and phase out over the medium term inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption” (G20 2009). Leaders of the G8 and of APEC have subsequently issued similar statements.

Topics: Environment, Global governance
Tags: APEC, fossil fuels, G20, G8, subsidies

Industrial policy works for smaller firms

John Van Reenen, 17 February 2012

a

A

The Great Recession has brought industrial policy back into fashion. Huge subsidies have been granted by governments around the world to private firms, most dramatically in financial services, but also in other sectors like automobiles (see for instance Evenett 2011).

Topics: EU policies, Industrial organisation, International trade
Tags: protectionism, small business, subsidies

Tax policies for low-carbon energy

Gilbert E. Metcalf , 27 June 2009

a

A

Nearly all economists agree that the most efficient way to address environmental problems is to raise the cost of the pollution-generating activity.

Topics: Environment
Tags: cap and trade, Carbon tax, environment, industrial policy, subsidies

Trade protection: Incipient but worrisome trends

Richard Newfarmer, Elisa Gamberoni, 4 March 2009

a

A

With the global economy teetering on the abyss of severe recession, political pressures demanding import protection to protect employment are surfacing with increasing intensity around the world.

Topics: International trade
Tags: anti-dumping, non-tariff barriers, protectionism, subsidies, tariffs

Can production subsidies explain China’s export performance?

Sourafel Girma, Yundan Gong, Holger Görg, Zhihong Yu , 8 July 2008

a

A

China’s exports are booming and – somewhat surprisingly – not just in labour-intensive goods.

Topics: International trade, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: China, export performance, subsidies

Now is the time to reduce international trade and migration barriers

Kym Anderson, L Alan Winters, 21 April 2008

a

A

In June 1930 the Smoot-Hawley tariff act in the US turned a stock market collapse into a crippling, decade-long Great Depression. Now, with a financial meltdown going on, is therefore NOT the time for politicians to be more protectionist.

Topics: International trade, Migration
Tags: Doha Round, liberalisation, migration barriers, protection, subsidies, trade negotiations

Vox eBooks