Temporary employment: The trade-off between efficiency and equity

Elke Jahn, Regina T. Riphahn, Claus Schnabel, 10 October 2012

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Over the last three decades, the use of flexible forms of employment such as fixed-term and temporary agency work contracts has increased substantially throughout much of Europe. This development has been driven by government efforts to ease restrictions on temporary employment, whereas the regulation of permanent contracts has been left essentially unaltered.

Topics: Labour markets
Tags: efficiency, equity, temporary contracts, unemployment

The virtuous equity-efficiency trade-off in educational outcomes

Richard B. Freeman, Stephen Machin, Martina Viarengo , 4 January 2011

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How countries fare in international tests of student achievement is a magnet for media attention the world over.

Topics: Education
Tags: education, educational policy, equity

The distributional burden of cap and trade

Sebastian Rausch, Gilbert E. Metcalf , John Reilly , Sergey Paltsev, 31 July 2010

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The distributional impacts of energy and climate policies can be assessed across a number of dimensions. Goulder and Parry (2008) note that two dimensions in particular have attracted attention: the impact on energy-intensive industry and the impact across households of differing incomes.

Topics: Energy, Environment
Tags: cap and trade, carbon pricing, equity

Has equity always earned a premium? Evidence from nineteenth-century Britain

John Turner , Graeme Acheson , Charles Hickson, Qing Ye, 10 May 2008

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Financial economists have become increasingly interested in the historical returns of financial assets.1 This interest largely stems from a desire to calculate the expected equity risk premium.

Topics: Financial markets
Tags: equity, risk premium, stock markets, UK

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