African growth looking forward

Marco Annunziata, 16 August 2014

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Views on Africa’s growth prospects have jumped from utter pessimism to extreme enthusiasm. The latter has been centre-stage with the US–Africa Summit hosted in Washington DC from 4–6 August 2014, with the participation of top political and business leaders.

Topics: Development
Tags: Africa, commodity boom, development, growth, human capital, infrastructure, innovation, trade

Connecting Brazil to the world

Patricia Ellen, Jaana Remes, 12 July 2014

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Despite a decade of rapid growth and falling poverty rates, Brazil has failed to match the global average for income growth – let alone to achieve the kind of impressive gains posted by other rapidly transforming emerging economies.

Topics: Development, International trade, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: Brazil, development, global value chains, globalisation, growth, MERCOSUR, openness, productivity, trade

Institutions, trade shocks, and regional differences in long-run educational and development trajectories

André Carlos Martínez, Aldo Musacchio, Martina Viarengo , 9 July 2014

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Understanding the determinants of long-run socio-economic development is a major concern for academics and policymakers in many countries around the world.

Topics: Development, Economic history, Education
Tags: Brazil, colonialism, development, education, extractive institutions, growth, Inequality, institutions, trade shocks

Newspaper readership, civic attitudes, and economic development: Evidence from the history of African media

Julia Cagé, Valeria Rueda, 14 May 2014

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Poor governance due to lack of political accountability is often cited as an explanation for the low level of economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. Lack of political accountability can emerge when voters do not choose their candidates according to their expected performance.

Topics: Development, Economic history, Institutions and economics, Politics and economics
Tags: accountability, Africa, democracy, development, media, religion, technology, voting

More to do on measuring hunger

Joachim De Weerdt, Kathleen Beegle, Jed Friedman, John Gibson, 18 February 2014

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One of the first Millennium Development Goals is to reduce hunger by half between 1990 and 2015. To date, the global hunger count has fallen slightly, from 1 billion in 1990–1992 to 870 million in 2010–2012 (Food and Agriculture Organization 2013). As a proportion of the world’s population, this is just a one-third fall in the hunger rate, from 19% to 13%.

Topics: Poverty and income inequality
Tags: Africa, development, food, hunger, measurement error, Millennium Development Goals, Poverty, surveys, Tanzania

GDP and life satisfaction: New evidence

Eugenio Proto, Aldo Rustichini, 11 January 2014

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A commission on the measurement of economic performance and social progress was created on the French government’s initiative. Since 2008, this distinguished group of social scientists has put subjective well-being into the limelight as a possible supplement to traditional measures of development such as GDP (Stiglitz et al. 2009).

Topics: Development, Frontiers of economic research
Tags: development, Easterlin paradox, growth, happiness, national income, subjective well-being

Government quality and spatial inequality: A cross-country analysis

Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, Roberto Ezcurra, 29 November 2013

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Spatial inequality has received considerable attention from both scholars and politicians in the last two decades, coinciding with advances in globalisation.

Topics: Poverty and income inequality
Tags: development, government institutions, spatial inequality

AGOA rules: The intended and unintended consequences of special fabric provisions

Lawrence Edwards, Robert Z. Lawrence, 20 November 2013

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The US and EU often claim credit for granting duty-free quota-free access to products from the least developed countries. Such preferential treatment is of interest not only because it might provide one-time benefits in the form of higher incomes and increased employment, but also because trade is often associated with dynamic benefits that lead to faster growth and development.

Topics: Development, International trade
Tags: Africa, development, quotas, tariffs

Growth still is good for the poor

David Dollar, Tatjana Kleineberg, Aart Kraay, 19 November 2013

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With the formulation of the Post-2015 Development Agenda in full swing, it is important to reassess how and to what extent new development challenges should be reflected in the agenda. A key part of the soon-expiring Millennium Development Goals aimed at halving absolute poverty – as defined by the World Bank's $1.25/day standard – between 1990 and 2015.

Topics: Development
Tags: development, growth, Inequality, Millennium Development Goals, Poverty, World Bank

Long-term barriers to growth

Enrico Spolaore, Romain Wacziarg, 3 October 2013

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Students of comparative development have turned their focus to factors rooted deeper and deeper in history.

Topics: Development, Economic history
Tags: ancestry, Culture, development, geography, growth, technology transfer

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