Connecting Brazil to the world

Patricia Ellen, Jaana Remes, 12 July 2014



Despite a decade of rapid growth and falling poverty rates, Brazil has failed to match the global average for income growth – let alone to achieve the kind of impressive gains posted by other rapidly transforming emerging economies.

Topics: Development, International trade, Productivity and Innovation
Tags: Brazil, development, global value chains, globalisation, growth, MERCOSUR, openness, productivity, trade

Institutions, trade shocks, and regional differences in long-run educational and development trajectories

André Carlos Martínez, Aldo Musacchio, Martina Viarengo , 9 July 2014



Understanding the determinants of long-run socio-economic development is a major concern for academics and policymakers in many countries around the world.

Topics: Development, Economic history, Education
Tags: Brazil, colonialism, development, education, extractive institutions, growth, Inequality, institutions, trade shocks

Newspaper readership, civic attitudes, and economic development: Evidence from the history of African media

Julia Cagé, Valeria Rueda, 14 May 2014



Poor governance due to lack of political accountability is often cited as an explanation for the low level of economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. Lack of political accountability can emerge when voters do not choose their candidates according to their expected performance.

Topics: Development, Economic history, Institutions and economics, Politics and economics
Tags: accountability, Africa, democracy, development, media, religion, technology, voting

More to do on measuring hunger

Joachim De Weerdt, Kathleen Beegle, Jed Friedman, John Gibson, 18 February 2014



One of the first Millennium Development Goals is to reduce hunger by half between 1990 and 2015. To date, the global hunger count has fallen slightly, from 1 billion in 1990–1992 to 870 million in 2010–2012 (Food and Agriculture Organization 2013). As a proportion of the world’s population, this is just a one-third fall in the hunger rate, from 19% to 13%.

Topics: Poverty and income inequality
Tags: Africa, development, food, hunger, measurement error, Millennium Development Goals, Poverty, surveys, Tanzania

GDP and life satisfaction: New evidence

Eugenio Proto, Aldo Rustichini, 11 January 2014



A commission on the measurement of economic performance and social progress was created on the French government’s initiative. Since 2008, this distinguished group of social scientists has put subjective well-being into the limelight as a possible supplement to traditional measures of development such as GDP (Stiglitz et al. 2009).

Topics: Development, Frontiers of economic research
Tags: development, Easterlin paradox, growth, happiness, national income, subjective well-being

Government quality and spatial inequality: A cross-country analysis

Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, Roberto Ezcurra, 29 November 2013



Spatial inequality has received considerable attention from both scholars and politicians in the last two decades, coinciding with advances in globalisation.

Topics: Poverty and income inequality
Tags: development, government institutions, spatial inequality

AGOA rules: The intended and unintended consequences of special fabric provisions

Lawrence Edwards, Robert Z. Lawrence, 20 November 2013



The US and EU often claim credit for granting duty-free quota-free access to products from the least developed countries. Such preferential treatment is of interest not only because it might provide one-time benefits in the form of higher incomes and increased employment, but also because trade is often associated with dynamic benefits that lead to faster growth and development.

Topics: Development, International trade
Tags: Africa, development, quotas, tariffs

Growth still is good for the poor

David Dollar, Tatjana Kleineberg, Aart Kraay, 19 November 2013



With the formulation of the Post-2015 Development Agenda in full swing, it is important to reassess how and to what extent new development challenges should be reflected in the agenda. A key part of the soon-expiring Millennium Development Goals aimed at halving absolute poverty – as defined by the World Bank's $1.25/day standard – between 1990 and 2015.

Topics: Development
Tags: development, growth, Inequality, Millennium Development Goals, Poverty, World Bank

Long-term barriers to growth

Enrico Spolaore, Romain Wacziarg, 3 October 2013



Students of comparative development have turned their focus to factors rooted deeper and deeper in history.

Topics: Development, Economic history
Tags: ancestry, Culture, development, geography, growth, technology transfer

Ethnic inequality

Alberto Alesina, Stelios Michalopoulos, Elias Papaioannou, 18 November 2012

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Topics: Development, Poverty and income inequality
Tags: development, diversity, ethnicity, geography, Inequality

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