Drinking during pregnancy and children’s test scores

Sarah Lewis, Stephanie von Hinke Kessler Scholder, George L Wehby, Luisa Zuccolo 08 March 2014

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The US Surgeon General first published a report on drinking during pregnancy in 1981, drawing attention to the link between prenatal alcohol consumption and birth defects (Office of the US Surgeon General 1981). The detrimental effects of excessive drinking during pregnancy are now well-known – it potentially leads to a pattern of mental and physical defects known as Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. The effects of low-to-moderate drinking, however, are less conclusive, and there is no consensus as to what level of exposure is toxic to the foetus.

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Topics:  Health economics

Tags:  education, alcohol, pregnancy

Tobacco and alcohol: Interdependence in consumption?

Harald Tauchmann, Silja Göhlmann, Till Requate, Christoph M Schmidt 08 June 2008

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Tobacco kills. No surprise then that smoking faces increasingly severe restrictions. Even in Germany, one of the last rich countries to introduce such restrictions, smoking was recently banned from public sector buildings and public transport, and smoking bans in bars and restaurants are being introduced state by state.

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Topics:  Health economics

Tags:  Germany, smoking ban, alcohol