A common theme in economic geography is that increasing returns to scale at the local level are essential for explaining the geographical distribution of economic activity. These agglomerative forces are often cited as a rationale for policy intervention to attract new firms to areas.
Caution to place makers: Greater firm density does not always promote incumbent firm health
William Kerr, Oliver Falck, Christina Günther, Stephan Heblich, 11 February 2013
Is the new economic geography passé?
Marius Brülhart, 7 January 2009
Natural clusters: Why policies promoting agglomeration are unnecessary
Philippe Martin, Thierry Mayer, Florian Mayneris, 4 July 2008
Policymakers love to promote industrial clusters. Since the end of the 1980s, national and local governments in Germany, Brazil, Japan, South Korea, Spanish Basque country, and France, inter alia, have attempted to foster their development.
Spatial concentration and firm-level productivity in France
Philippe Martin, Thierry Mayer, Florian Mayneris, 16 June 2008
The analysis of agglomeration economies focuses around two separate important questions: how large the gains from agglomeration are and how much firms internalize these gains when deciding where to locate.
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CEPR Policy Research
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