Eurozone mired in recession pause

CEPR Business Cycle Dating Committee 17 June 2014

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The CEPR Business Cycle Dating Committee met on 11 June 2014 to determine whether the Eurozone is out of the recession that started after 2011Q3. The duty of the Committee – comprised of Philippe Weil (Chair), Domenico Giannone, Refet Gürkaynak, Monika Merz, Richard Portes, Lucrezia Reichlin, Albrecht Ritschl, Barbara Rossi, and Karl Whelan – is to date peaks and troughs of the Eurozone business cycle, marking recessions and expansions – a role similar to that of the NBER Business Cycle Dating Committee in the US.

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Topics:  Europe's nations and regions Global crisis

Tags:  eurozone, growth, GDP, recession, business cycles, CEPR, trough, business cycle dating, expansion, peak

Lacklustre investment in the Eurozone: Is there a puzzle?

Marco Buti, Philipp Mohl 04 June 2014

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On the importance of investment for the Eurozone economy

According to the European Commission’s most recent forecast, real economic activity in the Eurozone is expected to recover at a moderate pace until 2015, and to remain significantly weaker than in the US (European Commission 2014a).

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Topics:  EU policies Macroeconomic policy

Tags:  eurozone, growth, European Commission, investment, uncertainty, structural reforms, Bankruptcy, Eurozone crisis, public investment, banking union, financial fragmentation

Is Piketty’s ‘Second Law of Capitalism’ fundamental?

Per Krusell, Tony Smith 01 June 2014

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Over the last several weeks, we have thought quite a bit about the main message in Thomas Piketty’s now world-famous book, Capital in the Twenty-First Century (Piketty 2014). We have also discussed it at great length with colleagues. In sum, at least in our departments, there has been a massive collective effort at interpreting both the material presented in the book and the background material on which the book builds. In this column we would like to present one perspective on the book that does not seem to have attracted sufficient attention in the public discussions.

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Topics:  Poverty and income inequality

Tags:  growth, Inequality, wealth, saving, savings

How highly educated immigrants raise native wages

Giovanni Peri, Kevin Shih, Chad Sparber 29 May 2014

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Immigration to the US has risen tremendously in recent decades. Though media attention and popular discourse often focus on illegal immigrants or the high foreign-born presence among less-educated workers, the data show that immigrants are drawn from both ends of the education spectrum. At the low end, immigrants grew from 5% of workers with a high school degree or less in 1970 to 20.8% in 2010. At the high end, the figure rose from 7.3% to 18.2% for those with graduate degrees over the same period.1

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Topics:  Labour markets Migration Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  US, growth, productivity, wages, immigration, innovation, complementarities, STEM

DynEmp: New cross-country evidence on the role of young firms in job creation, growth, and innovation

Chiara Criscuolo, Peter N. Gal, Carlo Menon 26 May 2014

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Since well before the crisis, many OECD economies have been confronted with sluggish productivity growth. In the aftermath of the crisis, job creation has also stalled and has become an important policy issue. Business dynamics are at the core of the creative destruction process. Available evidence points to significant cross-country heterogeneity in the dynamism of businesses, even after taking into account differences in sectoral composition. This raises policymakers’ interest in understanding the role of framework conditions in this area.

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Topics:  Labour markets Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  R&D, employment, growth, OECD, job creation, business cycles, firms, start-ups

Democracy causes economic development?

Daron Acemoglu, Suresh Naidu, James A Robinson, Pascual Restrepo 19 May 2014

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A belief that democracy is bad for economic growth is common in both academic political economy as well as the popular press. Robert Barro’s seminal research in this area concluded that “More political rights do not have an effect on growth...The first lesson is that democracy is not the key to economic growth” (Barro 1997, pp. 1 and 11). Meanwhile, reacting to the rise of China, New York Times columnist Tom Friedman argues:

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Topics:  Development Economic history Education

Tags:  democracy, growth

Greening Economics: It is time

Carlo Carraro, Marianne Fay, Marzio Galeotti 26 April 2014

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Shortly after the inception of the financial crisis, The Economist published an article on the split the crisis had brought about among macroeconomists and on the self-criticism some of the most renowned names of academia were applying to the discipline they have been teaching. Economists such as Robert Barro, Bradford DeLong, Paul Krugman, and Willem Buiter questioned the ‘economic model’ they had long used as a reference tool to initiate crowds of students to the dismal science.

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Topics:  Environment

Tags:  growth, teaching, Green growth, natural capital, policy formation

Sustainable growth requires a long-term focus

Pascal Lamy, Ian Goldin 28 March 2014

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Just when we thought high-frequency trading couldn’t get any faster, a US communications company is developing a high-speed laser network between the New Jersey data centres of the New York Stock Exchange and the NASDAQ stock exchange, to shave an additional few nanoseconds off high-frequency trading times.

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Topics:  Environment Financial markets Global crisis International trade

Tags:  growth, climate change, trade, environment, corporate governance, global crisis, high-frequency trading, short-termism, mark-to-market accounting

Redistribution, inequality, and sustainable growth: Reconsidering the evidence

Jonathan D Ostry, Andrew Berg, Charalambos Tsangarides 06 March 2014

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Rising income inequality looms high on the global policy agenda, reflecting not only fears of its pernicious social and political effects (including questions about the consistency of extreme inequality with democratic governance), but also its economic implications.

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Topics:  Development Poverty and income inequality

Tags:  growth, Inequality, redistribution

Making city lights shine brighter

Shahid Yusuf, Danny Leipziger,

Date Published

Mon, 03/03/2014

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