While women have the legal right to equal participation in politics in almost every country around the world, they remain vastly underrepresented in local and national politics. As of July 2006, women accounted for only 17% of parliamentarians worldwide, and a woman headed the government in only seven countries (UNICEF, 2007). These numbers vary dramatically by region.
Can political affirmative action for women reduce gender bias?
Esther Duflo, Petia Topalova, Raghab Chattopadhyay, Rohini Pande, Lori Beaman, 8 January 2009
Sex selection and the resulting ratio bias
V. Bhaskar, 24 June 2008
Gender bias, in the form of a parental preference for having boys rather than girls, is a phenomenon exhibited in many parts of the world and is reflected in male-biased gender ratios.
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